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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Kosovo

Republic of Kosovo
  • Republika e Kosovës  (Albanian)
  • Република Косово  (Serbian)
Anthem: "Anthem of the Republic of Kosovo"[1]
Location in Europe
Location in Europe
and largest city
42°40′N 21°10′E / 42.667°N 21.167°E / 42.667; 21.167
Official languages
Regional languages
Ethnic groups
  • Kosovar, Kosovan
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional republic
• President
Vjosa Osmani
Albin Kurti
Glauk Konjufca
31 January 1946
2 July 1990
9 June 1999
10 June 1999
17 February 2008
10 September 2012
19 April 2013
• Total
10,887 km2 (4,203 sq mi) (171st)
• Water (%)
• 2021 estimate
1,935,259[7] (152nd)
• Density
159/km2 (411.8/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $23.524 billion[8]
• Per capita
Increase $13,017[8]
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $8.402 billion[8]
• Per capita
Increase $4,649[8]
Gini (2017)Negative increase 29.0[9]
low · 121
HDI (2016)Increase 0.742[10]
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+383
ISO 3166 codeXK
Internet TLD.xkd (proposed)
  1. Pristina is the official capital.[11] Prizren is the historic capital of Kosovo.[11]
  2. Adopted unilaterally; Kosovo is not a formal member of the eurozone.
  3. The Serbian dinar is sometimes used in Serb-majority areas.[12][13][14]
  4. XK is a "user assigned" ISO 3166 code not designated by the standard, but used by the European Commission, Switzerland, the Deutsche Bundesbank and other organisations. However, ISO 3166-2:RS-KM remains in use.


Kosovo, officially the Republic of Kosovo, is a partially recognised state in Southeast Europe. It lies at the centre of the Balkans, occupying an area of 10,887 km2 (4,203 sq mi), with a population of a. 1.8 million; and is bordered by the uncontested part of the territory of Serbia to the north and east, North Macedonia to the southeast, Albania to the southwest, and Montenegro to the west. Kosovo unilaterally declared its independence from Serbia on 17 February 2008, and has since gained diplomatic recognition as a sovereign state by 97 member states of the United Nations. Most of central Kosovo is dominated by the vast plains and fields of Metohija and Kosovo. The Accursed Mountains and Šar Mountains rise in the southwest and southeast, respectively. Its capital and largest city is Pristina.