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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Kazakhstan

Republic of Kazakhstan
  • Қазақстан Республикасы (Kazakh)
    Qazaqstan Respublikasy
  • Республика Казахстан (Russian)
    Respublika Kazakhstan
Anthem: Менің Қазақстаным (Kazakh)
Menıñ Qazaqstanym
"My Kazakhstan"
Kazakhstan (orthographic projection).svg
CapitalNur-Sultan
51°10′N 71°26′E / 51.167°N 71.433°E / 51.167; 71.433
Largest cityAlmaty
43°16′39″N 76°53′45″E / 43.27750°N 76.89583°E / 43.27750; 76.89583
Official languagesKazakh
Co-official
Russian[a]
Spoken languagesKazakhRussianUzbekUyghurTurkmenUkrainianAzerbaijaniTatar and Others
Ethnic groups
(2020)[2]
Religion
(2020)[3]
Demonym(s)Kazakhstani[b][5]
GovernmentUnitary dominant-party presidential republic
• President
Kassym-Jomart Tokayev
Alihan Smaiylov
LegislatureParliament
Senate
Mazhilis
Formation
1465
13 December 1917
26 August 1920
19 June 1925
5 December 1936
• Declaration of Sovereignty
25 October 1990
• Reconstituted as the Republic of Kazakhstan
10 December 1991
• Independence from USSR
16 December 1991
21 December 1991
26 December 1991
2 March 1992
30 August 1995
Area
• Total
2,724,900 km2 (1,052,100 sq mi) (9th)
• Water (%)
1.7
Population
• 2021 estimate
Neutral increase 19,082,467[6] (64th)
• Density
7/km2 (18.1/sq mi) (236th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $569.813 billion[7] (41st)
• Per capita
Increase $30,178[7] (53rd)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $179.332 billion[7] (55th)
• Per capita
Increase $9,686[7] (69th)
Gini (2017)Negative increase 27.5[8]
low
HDI (2019)Increase 0.825[9]
very high · 51st
CurrencyTenge (₸) (KZT)
Time zoneUTC+5 / +6 (West / East)
Date formatyyyy.dd.mm[c]
Driving sideright
Calling code+7-6xx, +7-7xx
ISO 3166 codeKZ
Internet TLD

Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan, officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a transcontinental country located mainly in Central Asia and partly in Eastern Europe. It borders Russia to the north and west, China to the east, Kyrgyzstan to the southeast, Uzbekistan to the south, and Turkmenistan to the southwest. Its capital is Nur-Sultan, formerly known as Astana until 2019. Almaty, Kazakhstan's largest city, was the country's capital until 1997. Kazakhstan is the world's largest landlocked country, the world's largest Muslim-majority country by land area, and the ninth-largest country in the world overall. It has a population of 19 million people, and one of the lowest population densities in the world, at fewer than 6 people per square kilometre.