• (230) 4278861, 4260399

Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Kazakhstan

Republic of Kazakhstan

Қазақстан Республикасы (Kazakh)
Qazaqstan Respublikasy
Anthem: Menıñ Qazaqstanym
"My Kazakhstan"
Location of Kazakhstan (green)
Location of Kazakhstan (green)
CapitalNur-Sultan
51°10′N 71°26′E / 51.167°N 71.433°E / 51.167; 71.433
Largest cityAlmaty
43°16′39″N 76°53′45″E / 43.27750°N 76.89583°E / 43.27750; 76.89583
Official languagesKazakh
Co-official
Russian[a]
Ethnic groups
(2020[2])
Demonym(s)Kazakhstani[d][4]
GovernmentUnitary dominant-party presidential constitutional republic
Nursultan Nazarbayev
• President
Kassym-Jomart Tokayev
Askar Mamin
Mäulen Äşimbaev
Nurlan Nigmatulin
LegislatureParliament
Senate
Mazhilis
Formation
1465
13 December 1917
26 August 1920
19 June 1925
5 December 1936
• Declared Sovereignty
25 October 1990
• Reconstituted as the Republic of Kazakhstan
10 December 1991
• Declared Independence from the USSR
16 December 1991
21 December 1991
26 December 1991
• Admitted to the United Nations
2 March 1992
30 August 1995
Area
• Total
2,724,900 km2 (1,052,100 sq mi) (9th)
• Water (%)
1.7
Population
• 2020 estimate
Neutral increase 18,711,560[5] (64th)
• Density
7/km2 (18.1/sq mi) (236th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $569.813 billion[6] (41st)
• Per capita
Increase $30,178[6] (53rd)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $179.332 billion[6] (55th)
• Per capita
Increase $9,686[6] (69th)
Gini (2017)Negative increase 27.5[7]
low
HDI (2019)Increase 0.825[8]
very high · 50th
CurrencyTenge (₸) (KZT)
Time zoneUTC+5 / +6 (West / East)
Driving sideright
Calling code+7-6xx, +7-7xx
ISO 3166 codeKZ
Internet TLD

Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan, officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a transcontinental country mainly located in Central Asia with a smaller portion west of the Ural River in Eastern Europe. It covers a land area of 2,724,900 square kilometres (1,052,100 sq mi), and shares land borders with Russia in the north, China in the east, and Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan in the south while also adjoining a large part of the Caspian Sea in the southwest. Kazakhstan does not border Mongolia, although they are only 37 kilometers apart, separated by a short portion of the border between Russia and China.