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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Japan

Japan
日本国 (Japanese)
Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku
Anthem: Kimigayo (君が代, "His Imperial Majesty's Reign")
Government Seal
Seal of the Office of the Prime Minister and the Government of Japan
Projection of Asia with Japan's Area colored green
Territory controlled by Japan in dark green; territory claimed but uncontrolled in light green
Capital
and largest city
Tokyo
35°41′N 139°46′E / 35.683°N 139.767°E / 35.683; 139.767
National languageJapanese
Demonym(s)Japanese
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Emperor
Naruhito
Fumio Kishida
LegislatureNational Diet
House of Councillors
House of Representatives
Formation
February 11, 660 BC
November 29, 1890
May 3, 1947
Area
• Total
377,975 km2 (145,937 sq mi)[1] (62nd)
• Water (%)
1.4 (as of 2015)[2]
Population
• 2021 estimate
125,502,000[3] (11th)
• 2020 census
126,226,568[4]
• Density
332/km2 (859.9/sq mi) (24th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $6.110 trillion[5] (4th)
• Per capita
Increase $48,814 [5] (35rd)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $4.912 trillion[5] (3rd)
• Per capita
Increase $39,243 [5] (26th)
Gini (2018)Positive decrease 33.4[6]
medium · 78th
HDI (2019)Increase 0.919[7]
very high · 19th
CurrencyJapanese yen (¥)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+81
ISO 3166 codeJP
Internet TLD.jp

Japan

Japan is an island country in East Asia. It is situated in the northwest Pacific Ocean, and is bordered on the west by the Sea of Japan, while extending from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north toward the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, and Taiwan in the south. Japan is a part of the Ring of Fire, and spans an archipelago of 6852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); the five main islands are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the nation's capital and largest city, followed by Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, Fukuoka, Kobe, and Kyoto.