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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Jamaica

Jamaica

Motto: "Out of Many, One People"
Location of Jamaica
Capital
and largest city
Kingston
17°58′17″N 76°47′35″W / 17.97139°N 76.79306°W / 17.97139; -76.79306
Official languagesEnglish
National languageJamaican Patois (de facto)
Ethnic groups
(2011[3])
Religion
Demonym(s)Jamaican
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Patrick Allen
Andrew Holness
Marisa Dalrymple-Philibert
Tom Tavares-Finson
Bryan Sykes
Mark Golding
LegislatureParliament
Senate
House of Representatives
Independence 
• Granted
6 August 1962
Area
• Total
10,991 km2 (4,244 sq mi) (160th)
• Water (%)
1.5
Population
• 2018 estimate
2,726,667[5] (141st)
• 2011 census
2,697,983[6]
• Density
266[7]/km2 (688.9/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$26.981 billion[8] (134th)
• Per capita
$9,434[8] (109th)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$15.424 billion[8] (119th)
• Per capita
$5,393[8] (95th)
Gini (2016)Positive decrease 35[9]
medium
HDI (2019)Increase 0.734[10]
high · 101st
CurrencyJamaican dollar (JMD)
Time zoneUTC-5
Driving sideleft
Calling code+1-876
+1-658 (Overlay of 876; active in November 2018)
ISO 3166 codeJM
Internet TLD.jm

Jamaica

Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea. Spanning 10,990 square kilometres (4,240 sq mi) in area, it is the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles and the Caribbean. Jamaica lies about 145 kilometres (90 mi) south of Cuba, and 191 kilometres (119 mi) west of Hispaniola ; the British Overseas Territory of the Cayman Islands lies some 215 kilometres (134 mi) to the north-west.