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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Israel

State of Israel

  • מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל‎ (Hebrew)
  • دولة إسرائيل (Arabic)
Anthem: Hatikvah
(English: "The Hope")
Location of Israel (in green) on the globe.
1949 armistice border (Green Line)
1949 armistice border (Green Line)
and largest city
(limited recognition)[fn 1]
31°47′N 35°13′E / 31.783°N 35.217°E / 31.783; 35.217
Official languagesHebrew
Recognized languagesArabic[fn 2]
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional republic
• President
Reuven Rivlin
Naftali Bennett
Mickey Levy
Esther Hayut
Independence from the British Empire
14 May 1948
11 May 1949
• Total
20,770–22,072 km2 (8,019–8,522 sq mi)[a] (150th)
• Water (%)
2.71 (as of 2015)[16]
• 2021 estimate
9,360,110[17][fn 3] (99th)
• 2008 census
7,412,200[18][fn 3]
• Density
424/km2 (1,098.2/sq mi) (35th)
GDP (PPP)2020[21] estimate
• Total
Increase $372.314 billion[fn 3] (51st)
• Per capita
Increase $40,336[fn 3] (34th)
GDP (nominal)2020[21] estimate
• Total
Increase $410.501 billion[fn 3] (31st)
• Per capita
Increase $44,474[fn 3] (19th)
Gini (2018)34.8[fn 3][22]
medium · 48th
HDI (2019)Increase 0.919[fn 3][23]
very high · 19th
CurrencyNew shekel (‎) (ILS)
Time zoneUTC+2 (IST)
• Summer (DST)
Date format
  • יי-חח-שששש‎ (AM)
  • dd-mm-yyyy (CE)
Driving sideright
Calling code+972
ISO 3166 codeIL
Internet TLD.il
  1. ^ 20,770 km2 is Israel within the Green Line. 22,072 km2 includes the annexed Golan Heights (c. 1,200 km2 (460 sq mi)) and East Jerusalem (c. 64 km2 (25 sq mi)).


Israel, officially known as the State of Israel, is a country in Western Asia. It is situated on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea, and shares borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan on the east, the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip to the east and west, respectively, and Egypt to the southwest. Tel Aviv is the economic and technological center of the country, while its seat of government and proclaimed capital is Jerusalem, although international recognition of the state's sovereignty over the city is limited.