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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Israel

State of Israel
  • מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל‎ (Hebrew)
  • دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل‎ (Arabic)
Anthem: Hatikvah
(English: "The Hope")
Location of Israel (in green) and the Israeli-occupied territories (in light green) on the globe.
Location of Israel (in dark green) and the Israeli-occupied territories (in light green) on the globe.
1949 armistice border (Green Line)
1949 armistice border (Green Line)
and largest city
(limited recognition)[fn 1][fn 2]
31°47′N 35°13′E / 31.783°N 35.217°E / 31.783; 35.217
Official languagesHebrew
Recognized languagesEnglish[9]
Arabic[fn 3]
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
• President
Isaac Herzog
Yair Lapid
Naftali Bennett
Mickey Levy
Esther Hayut
Independence following the end of the British Mandate for Palestine
14 May 1948
11 May 1949
• Total
20,770–22,072 km2 (8,019–8,522 sq mi)[a] (149th)
• Water (%)
2.71 (as of 2015)[15]
• 2022 estimate
9,539,420[16][fn 4] (93rd)
• 2008 census
7,412,200[17][fn 4]
• Density
432/km2 (1,118.9/sq mi) (35th)
GDP (PPP)2022[18] estimate
• Total
Increase $478.01 billion[fn 4] (49th)
• Per capita
Increase $50,200[fn 4] (34th)
GDP (nominal)2022[18] estimate
• Total
Increase $520.7 billion[fn 4] (29th)
• Per capita
Increase $54,690[fn 4] (15th)
Gini (2018)34.8[fn 4][19]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.919[fn 4][20]
very high · 19th
CurrencyNew shekel () (ILS)
Time zoneUTC+2 (IST)
• Summer (DST)
Date format
  • יי-חח-שששש (AM)
  • dd-mm-yyyy (CE)
Driving sideright
Calling code+972
ISO 3166 codeIL
Internet TLD.il
  1. ^ 20,770 km2 is Israel within the Green Line. 22,072 km2 includes the annexed Golan Heights (c. 1,200 km2 (460 sq mi)) and East Jerusalem (c. 64 km2 (25 sq mi)).


Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in Western Asia. It is situated on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea, and shares borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan to the east, and Egypt to the southwest; it is also bordered by the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip to the east and west, respectively. Tel Aviv is the economic and technological center of the country, while its seat of government is in its proclaimed capital of Jerusalem, although Israeli sovereignty over East Jerusalem is unrecognized internationally.