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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Ireland

  • Éire  (Irish)
  • Airlann  (Ulster Scots)
Satellite image of Ireland
Satellite image, October 2010
Map of Ireland in Europe.svg
Location of Ireland (dark green)

in Europe (dark grey)

LocationNorthwestern Europe
Coordinates53°25′N 8°0′W / 53.417°N 8.000°W / 53.417; -8.000Coordinates: 53°25′N 8°0′W / 53.417°N 8.000°W / 53.417; -8.000
Adjacent bodies of waterAtlantic Ocean
Area84,421 km2 (32,595 sq mi)[1]
Area rank20th[2]
Coastline7,527 km (4677.1 mi)[3][4]
Highest elevation1,041 m (3415 ft)
Highest pointCarrauntoohil
Largest cityDublin (pop. 1,173,179)
CountryNorthern Ireland
Largest cityBelfast (pop. 343,542)
Population7,026,636 (2022)[a][5]
Population rank19th
Pop. density77.8/km2 (201.5/sq mi)
LanguagesEnglish, Irish, ISL, Ulster Scots, NISL, Shelta
Ethnic groups
Additional information
Time zone
 • Summer (DST)
Patron saintsSaint Patrick
Saint Brigid
Saint Colmcille
  1. ^ Including surrounding islands.


Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean, in north-western Europe. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.