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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Iraq

Republic of Iraq

  • جمهورية العراق (Arabic)
  • کۆماری عێراق (Kurdish)
Motto: الله أكبر (Arabic)
"Allahu Akbar(transliteration)
"God is the Greatest"
Anthem: "Mawṭinī"
"موطني"
(English: "My Homeland")
Location of Iraq
Capital
and largest city
Baghdad
33°20′N 44°23′E / 33.333°N 44.383°E / 33.333; 44.383
Official languages
  • Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups
(2019[2][3])
Religion
Demonym(s)Iraqi
GovernmentFederal parliamentary republic
• President
Barham Salih
Mustafa Al-Kadhimi
• Speaker
Mohamed al-Halbousi
Medhat al-Mahmoud
LegislatureCouncil of Representatives
Establishment
• Sumer
4500 BC
2334 BC
2025 BC
1895 BC
439 BC
101 AD
198
226
300
750
1258
1534
1920
3 October 1932
14 July 1958
15 October 2005
Area
• Total
438,317 km2 (169,235 sq mi) (58th)
• Water (%)
4.62 (as of 2015)[4]
Population
• 2018 estimate
38,433,600[5][6] (36th)
• Density
82.7/km2 (214.2/sq mi) (125th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
$399.400billion[7] (46)
• Per capita
$17,952[8] (111th)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$250.070 billion[9] (48th)
• Per capita
$6,116[9] (97th)
Gini (2012)29.5[10]
low
HDI (2019)Decrease 0.674[11]
medium · 123rd
CurrencyIraqi dinar (IQD)
Time zoneUTC+3 (AST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+964
ISO 3166 codeIQ
Internet TLD.iq
  1. Constitution of Iraq, Article 4 (1st).

Iraq

Iraq, officially the Republic of Iraq, is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west. The capital and largest city is Baghdad. Iraq is home to diverse ethnic groups including Arabs, Kurds, Turkmens, Assyrians, Yazidis, Shabakis, Armenians, Sabian-Mandaeans, Circassians, and Kawliya. Around 95-98% of the country's 38 million citizens are Muslims, with small minorities of Christians, Yarsans, Yezidis and Mandaeans also present. The official languages of Iraq are Arabic and Kurdish.