• (230) 4278861, 4260399

Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Iraq

Republic of Iraq
  • جمهورية العراق (Arabic)
    Jumhūriīyet al-ʿIrāq
  • کۆماری عێراق (Kurdish)
    Komarî Êraq
Anthem: موطني
"My Homeland"
Iraq (orthographic).svg
Iraq-CIA WFB Map.png
and largest city
33°20′N 44°23′E / 33.333°N 44.383°E / 33.333; 44.383
Official languages
  • Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups
GovernmentFederal parliamentary republic
• President
Barham Salih
Mustafa Al-Kadhimi
• Speaker
Mohamed al-Halbousi
Medhat al-Mahmoud
LegislatureCouncil of Representatives
3 October 1932
14 July 1958
15 October 2005
• Total
438,317 km2 (169,235 sq mi) (58th)
• Water (%)
4.62 (as of 2015)[5]
• 2020 estimate
Neutral increase 40,222,503[6] (36th)
• Density
82.7/km2 (214.2/sq mi) (125th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
$413.316 billion[7] (46)
• Per capita
$10,175[8] (111th)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$250.070 billion[9] (48th)
• Per capita
$4,474[9] (97th)
Gini (2012)29.5[10]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.674[11]
medium · 123rd
CurrencyIraqi dinar (IQD)
Time zoneUTC+3 (AST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+964
ISO 3166 codeIQ
Internet TLD.iq
  1. Constitution of Iraq, Article 4 (1st).


Iraq, officially the Republic of Iraq, is a country in Western Asia. It is bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, the Persian Gulf and Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west. The capital and largest city is Baghdad. Iraq is home to diverse ethnic groups including Arabs, Kurds, Turkmens, Assyrians, Armenians, Yazidis, Mandaeans, Persians and Shabakis with similarly diverse geography and wildlife. The majority of the country's 40 million citizens are Muslims, and other recognized religions include Christianity, Yazidism, Mandaeism, Yarsanism and Zoroastrianism The official languages of Iraq are Arabic and Kurdish, with other recognized regional languages being Neo-Aramaic, Turkish and Armenian.