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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Iran

Islamic Republic of Iran

جمهوری اسلامی ایران (Persian)
Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān
Motto: 
استقلال، آزادی، جمهوری اسلامی
Esteqlāl, Āzādi, Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi
("Independence, freedom, the Islamic Republic")
(de facto)[1]
Anthem: سرود ملی جمهوری اسلامی ایران
Sorud-e Melli-ye Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān
("National Anthem of the Islamic Republic of Iran")
Location of Iran
Capital
and largest city
Tehran
35°41′N 51°25′E / 35.683°N 51.417°E / 35.683; 51.417
Official languagesPersian
Recognised regional languages
List of languages
Ethnic groups
List of ethnicities
Religion
0.15% others
Demonym(s)
  • Iranian
  • Persian (historically in the West)
GovernmentUnitary Khomeinist theocratic presidential Islamic republic
Ali Khamenei
• President
Hassan Rouhani
Eshaq Jahangiri
Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf
Ebrahim Raisi
LegislatureIslamic Consultative Assembly
Establishment history
c. 678 BC
550 BC
247 BC
224 AD[4]
934
1501[5]
1736
1751
1796
15 December 1925
11 February 1979
3 December 1979
28 July 1989
Area
• Total
1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi) (17th)
• Water (%)
1.63 (as of 2015)[6]
Population
• 2019 estimate
Neutral increase 83,183,741[7] (17th)
• Density
48/km2 (124.3/sq mi) (162nd)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Decrease $1.007 trillion[8] (18th)
• Per capita
Decrease $11,963[8] (66th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $611 billion[8] (21st)
• Per capita
Increase $7,257[8] (78th)
Gini (2017)Negative increase 40.8[9]
medium
HDI (2019)Decrease 0.783[10]
high · 70th
CurrencyIranian rial (ریال) (IRR)
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+4:30 (IRDT)
Date formatyyyy/mm/dd (SH)
Driving sideright
Calling code+98
ISO 3166 codeIR
Internet TLD

Iran

Iran, also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. It is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan, to the southeast by Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. Iran covers an area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), with a population of 83 million. It is the second-largest country in the Middle East, and its capital and largest city is Tehran.