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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Indonesia

Republic of Indonesia
Republik Indonesia  (Indonesian)
Motto: Bhinneka Tunggal Ika  (Kawi)
"Unity in Diversity"
National ideology: Pancasila[1][2]
Anthem: "Indonesia Raya"
"Great Indonesia"
Indonesia (orthographic projection).svg
Location Indonesia ASEAN.svg
and largest city
6°10′S 106°49′E / 6.167°S 106.817°E / -6.167; 106.817
Official language
and national language
Regional languagesOver 700 languages[3]
Ethnic groups
Over 1,300 ethnic groups[4]
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
• President
Joko Widodo
Ma'ruf Amin
Puan Maharani
Muhammad Syarifuddin
LegislaturePeople's Consultative Assembly (MPR)
Regional Representative Council (DPD)
People's Representative Council (DPR)
from the Netherlands and Japan
17 August 1945
27 December 1949
• Land
1,904,569[6] km2 (735,358 sq mi) (14th)
• 2021 estimate
Neutral increase 273,879,750[7]
• 2020 census
270,203,917[8] (4th)
• Density
141/km2 (365.2/sq mi) (88th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase US$3.995 trillion[9] (7th)
• Per capita
Increase US$14,535[9] (96th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase US$1.289 trillion[9] (17th)
• Per capita
Increase US$4,691[9] (104th)
Gini (2019)Negative increase 38.2[10]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.718[11]
high · 107th
CurrencyIndonesian rupiah (Rp) (IDR)
Time zoneUTC+7 to +9 (various)
Date formatDD/MM/YYYY
Driving sideleft
Calling code+62
ISO 3166 codeID
Internet TLD.id


Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It consists of over 17,000 islands, including Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, and parts of Borneo and New Guinea. Indonesia is the world's largest island country and the 14th-largest country by area, at 1,904,569 square kilometres. With over 270 million people, Indonesia is the world's fourth-most populous country and the most populous Muslim-majority country. Java, the world's most populous island, is home to more than half of the country's population.