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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in India

Republic of India
Bhārat Gaṇarājya
(see other local names)
Motto: "Satyameva Jayate" (Sanskrit)
"Truth Alone Triumphs"[1]
Anthem: "Jana Gana Mana"[2][3]
"Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People"[4][2]
National song
"Vande Mataram" (Sanskrit)
"I Bow to Thee, Mother"[a][1][2]
Image of a globe centred on India, with India highlighted.
Territory controlled by India shown in dark green; territory claimed but not controlled shown in light green
CapitalNew Delhi
28°36′50″N 77°12′30″E / 28.61389°N 77.20833°E / 28.61389; 77.20833
Largest city
Official languages
Recognised national languagesNone[9][10][11]
Recognised regional languages
Native languages447 languages[c]
GovernmentFederal parliamentary constitutional republic
• President
Droupadi Murmu
Jagdeep Dhankhar
Narendra Modi
Uday Umesh Lalit
Om Birla
Rajya Sabha
Lok Sabha
• Dominion
15 August 1947
• Republic
26 January 1950
• Total
3,287,263[2] km2 (1,269,219 sq mi)[d] (7th)
• Water (%)
• 2022 estimate
1,375,586,000[17] (2nd)
• 2011 census
1,210,854,977[18][19] (2nd)
• Density
417.3/km2 (1,080.8/sq mi) (19th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $11.745 trillion[20] (3rd)
• Per capita
Increase $8,358[20] (128th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $3.535 trillion[20] (5th)
• Per capita
Increase $2,515[20] (142th)
Gini (2011)35.7[21][22]
medium · 98th
HDI (2021)Decrease 0.633[23]
medium · 132nd
CurrencyIndian rupee (₹) (INR)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
DST is not observed
Date format
Driving sideleft[24]
Calling code+91
ISO 3166 codeIN
Internet TLD.in (others)


India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand, Myanmar, and Indonesia. The nation's capital city is New Delhi.