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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Iceland

Iceland

Ísland
Anthem: "Lofsöngur"
Island (orthographic projection).svg
Europe-Iceland.svg
Capital
and largest city
Reykjavík
64°08′N 21°56′W / 64.133°N 21.933°W / 64.133; -21.933
Official language
and national language
Icelandic
Ethnic groups
(2018)[a][1]
Religion
(2020)[3]
75.1% Christianity
—63.5% Church of Iceland[b]
—11.6% Other Christian
21.5% No religion
1.3% Ásatrúarfélagið
2.1% Other
Demonym(s)Icelander
Icelandic
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
• President
Guðni Th. Jóhannesson
Katrín Jakobsdóttir
Steingrímur J. Sigfússon
Þorgeir Örlygsson
LegislatureAlthing
Formation
9th century
• Commonwealth
Founding of the Althing
930–1262
• Union with Norway
Signing of the Old Covenant
1262–1397
1397–1523
1523–1814
• Treaty of Kiel
Ceded to Denmark
14 January 1814
• Constitution and limited home rule
Minister for Iceland appointed
5 January 1874
• Extended home rule
1 February 1904
1 December 1918
• Republic
17 June 1944
3 May 1960
Area
• Total
102,775[4] km2 (39,682 sq mi) (106th)
• Water (%)
2.07 (as of 2015)[5]
Population
• 2021 estimate
368,720[6] (179th)
• 2011 census
315,556[7]
• Density
3.5/km2 (9.1/sq mi) (190th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
$19.8 billion[8] (142nd)
• Per capita
$54,482[8] (16th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
$20.8 billion[8]
• Per capita
$57,189[8] (5th)
Gini (2016)Positive decrease 24.1[9]
low · 2nd
HDI (2019)Increase 0.949[10]
very high · 4th
CurrencyIcelandic króna (ISK)
Time zoneUTC[c] (GMT/WET)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+354
ISO 3166 codeIS
Internet TLD.is

Iceland

Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic Ocean, with a population of 356,991 and an area of 103,000 km2 (40,000 sq mi), making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe. The capital and largest city is Reykjavík. Reykjavík and the surrounding areas in the southwest of the country are home to over two-thirds of the population. Iceland is volcanically and geologically active. The interior consists of a plateau characterised by sand and lava fields, mountains, and glaciers, and many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a temperate climate, despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic Circle. Its high latitude and marine influence keep summers chilly, and most of its islands have a polar climate.