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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Iceland

Iceland
Ísland
Anthem: "Lofsöngur" (lit.'Hymn')
Island (orthographic projection).svg
Europe-Iceland.svg
Capital
and largest city
Reykjavík
64°08′N 21°56′W / 64.133°N 21.933°W / 64.133; -21.933
Official language
and national language
Icelandic
Ethnic groups
(2018)[a][1]
Religion
(2020)[3]
Demonym(s)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
• President
Guðni Th. Jóhannesson
Katrín Jakobsdóttir
LegislatureAlþingi
Formation
9th century
• Commonwealth
Founding of the Althing
930–1262
• Union with Norway
Signing of the Old Covenant
1262–1397
1397–1523
1523–1814
• Treaty of Kiel
Ceded to Denmark
14 January 1814
• Constitution and limited home rule
Minister for Iceland appointed
5 January 1874
• Extended home rule
1 February 1904
1 December 1918
• Republic
17 June 1944
Area
• Total
102,775[4] km2 (39,682 sq mi) (106th)
• Water (%)
2.07 (as of 2015)[5]
Population
• 2021 estimate
371,580[6] (179th)
• 2011 census
315,556[7]
• Density
3.5/km2 (9.1/sq mi) (190th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
$19.8 billion[8] (142nd)
• Per capita
$54,482[8] (16th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
$20.8 billion[8]
• Per capita
$57,189[8] (5th)
Gini (2018)Positive decrease 23.2[9]
low · 2nd
HDI (2019)Increase 0.949[10]
very high · 4th
CurrencyIcelandic króna (ISK)
Time zoneUTC[c] (GMT/WET)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+354
ISO 3166 codeIS
Internet TLD.is

Iceland

Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic Ocean and the most sparsely populated country in Europe. Iceland's capital and largest city is Reykjavík, which is home to over 65% of the population. Iceland is the only part of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge that rises above sea level, and its central volcanic plateau is erupting almost constantly. The interior consists of a plateau characterised by sand and lava fields, mountains, and glaciers, and many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a temperate climate, despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic Circle. Its high latitude and marine influence keep summers chilly, and most of its islands have a polar climate.