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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Hong Kong

Hong Kong
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
Cantonese Yale Romanization:Jūng'wàh Yàhnmàhn Guhng'wòhgwok Hēunggóng Dahkbiht Hàhngjingkēui
Location of Hong Kong
Location of Hong Kong within China
Sovereign statePeople's Republic of China
British possession26 January 1841
Treaty of Nanking29 August 1842
Convention of Peking24 October 1860
New Territories lease9 June 1898
Imperial Japanese occupation25 December 1941 to 30 August 1945
Sino-British Joint Declaration19 December 1984
Handover to China1 July 1997
Official languages
Traditional Chinese[b]
English alphabet
Ethnic groups
92.0% Han Chinese
2.5% Filipino
2.1% Indonesian
0.8% White
0.5% Indian
0.3% Nepalese
1.6% Others[6]
Demonym(s)Hong Konger
Hong Kongese
GovernmentDevolved executive-led system within a unitary Marxist–Leninist[7] one-party socialist republic[8]
Carrie Lam
John Lee
Andrew Leung
Andrew Cheung
LegislatureLegislative Council
National representation
36 deputies
203 delegates[9]
• Total
2,754.97[10] km2 (1,063.70 sq mi) (168th)
• Water (%)
(1644.79 km2;
635.05 sq mi)[10]
• Land
1,110.18 km2
(428.64 sq mi)[10]
Highest elevation957 m (3,140 ft)
Lowest elevation0 m (0 ft)
• 2019 estimate
7,500,700 [11] (103rd)
• Density
6,777[12]/km2 (17,552.3/sq mi) (4th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $472.395 billion[13] (46th)
• Per capita
Increase $62,839[13] (10th)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $368.633 billion[13] (39th)
• Per capita
Increase $49,036[13] (20th)
Gini (2016)Negative increase 53.9[14]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.949[15]
very high · 4th
CurrencyHong Kong dollar (HK$) (HKD)
Time zoneUTC+08:00 (HKT)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Mains electricity220 V–50 Hz
Driving sideleft[c]
Calling code+852
ISO 3166 code
Internet TLD
License plate prefixesNone for local vehicles, 粤Z for cross-boundary vehicles
AbbreviationHK /

Hong Kong

Hong Kong, officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a city and special administrative region of China on the eastern Pearl River Delta in South China. With over 7.5 million residents of various nationalities in a 1,104-square-kilometre (426 sq mi) territory, Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated places in the world. Hong Kong is also one of the most developed cities in the world.