• (230) 4278861, 4260399

Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Hong Kong

Hong Kong

香港
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
Chinese:中華人民共和國香港特別行政區
Cantonese Yale Romanization:Jūng'wàh Yàhnmàhn Guhng'wòhgwok Hēunggóng Dahkbiht Hàhngjingkēui
Location of Hong Kong
Location of Hong Kong
Sovereign statePeople's Republic of China
British possession from Qing Empire26 January 1841
Treaty of Nanking29 August 1842
Convention of Peking24 October 1860
New Territories lease9 June 1898
Imperial Japanese occupation25 December 1941
Liberation from Japanese occupation30 August 1945
Sino-British Joint Declaration19 December 1984
Return to China1 July 1997
Official languages
Cantonese[a]
Traditional Chinese[b]
English alphabet
Ethnic groups
(2016)
92.0% Han Chinese
2.5% Filipino
2.1% Indonesian
0.8% White
0.5% Indian
0.3% Nepalese
1.6% other[6]
Demonym(s)Hong Konger
Hong Kongese
GovernmentDevolved executive-led system within a unitary Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist republic
Carrie Lam
Matthew Cheung
Andrew Leung
Andrew Cheung
LegislatureLegislative Council
National representation
36 deputies
203 delegates[7]
Area
• Total
1,110.18[8] km2 (428.64 sq mi) (168th)
• Water (%)
59.8 (1648 km2; 636 sq mi)[8]
Highest elevation957 m (3,140 ft)
Lowest elevation0 m (0 ft)
Population
• 2019 estimate
7,500,700 [9] (103rd)
• Density
6,777[10]/km2 (17,552.3/sq mi) (4th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase US$439.459 billion[11] (45th)
• Per capita
Increase $58,165[11] (10th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $341.319 billion[11] (35th)
• Per capita
Increase $45,176[11] (16th)
Gini (2016)Negative increase 53.9[12]
high
HDI (2019)Increase 0.949[13]
very high · 4th
CurrencyHong Kong dollar (HK$) (HKD)
Time zoneUTC+08:00 (HKT)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
yyyy年mm月dd日
Mains electricity220 V–50 Hz
Driving sideleft[c]
Calling code+852
ISO 3166 code
Internet TLD
License plate prefixesNone for local vehicles, 粤Z for cross-boundary vehicles
AbbreviationHK /

Hong Kong

Hong Kong, officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR; simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国香港特别行政区; traditional Chinese: 中華人民共和國香港特別行政區), is a metropolitan area and special administrative region of China on the eastern Pearl River Delta in South China. With over 7.5 million residents of various nationalities in a 1,104-square-kilometre (426 sq mi) territory, Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated places in the world.