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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Honduras

Republic of Honduras
República de Honduras  (Spanish)
  • Libre, Soberana e Independiente
  • "Free, Sovereign and Independent"
Anthem: Himno Nacional de Honduras
"National Anthem of Honduras"
Location of Honduras
and largest city
14°6′N 87°13′W / 14.100°N 87.217°W / 14.100; -87.217
Official languagesSpanish
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
• President
Xiomara Castro
Salvador Nasralla
Luis Redondo
LegislatureNational Congress
• Declaredb from Spain
15 September 1821
• Declared from the
First Mexican Empire
1 July 1823
• Declared, as Honduras, from the Federal Republic of Central America
5 November 1838
• Total
112,492 km2 (43,433 sq mi) (101st)
• 2018 estimate
9,587,522[3][4] (95th)
• 2013 census
• Density
85/km2 (220.1/sq mi) (128th)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$49.010 billion[5] (104th)
• Per capita
$5,817[5] (133rd)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$23.835 billion[5] (108th)
• Per capita
$2,829[5] (128th)
Gini (2018)Negative increase 52.1[6]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.632[7]
medium · 133rd
CurrencyLempira (HNL)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+504
ISO 3166 codeHN
Internet TLD.hn
  1. Mixture of European and American Indian.
  2. As part of the Federal Republic of Central America.
Population estimates explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected, as of July 2007.


Honduras, officially the Republic of Honduras, is a country in Central America. The republic of Honduras is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea. Its capital and largest city is Tegucigalpa.