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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Haiti

Republic of Haiti

République d'Haïti (French)
Repiblik d Ayiti  (Haitian Creole)[1]
"Liberté, égalité, fraternité" (French)[2]
"Libète, Egalite, Fratènite"  (Haitian Creole)
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Motto on traditional coat of arms:
"L'union fait la force" (French)
"Inite se fòs"  (Haitian Creole)[3]
"Union makes strength"
Anthem: La Dessalinienne  (French)
Desalinyèn  (Haitian Creole)
"The Dessalines Song"
Location of Haiti
and largest city
18°32′N 72°20′W / 18.533°N 72.333°W / 18.533; -72.333
Official languages
Ethnic groups
95% Afro-Haitians
5% mixed and European Haitians[4]
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
• President
Jovenel Moïse
Claude Joseph
Chamber of Deputies
from France
• Declared
1 January 1804
• Recognized
17 April 1825
22 September 1804
9 March 1806
17 October 1806
• Kingdom
28 March 1811
9 February 1822
• Dissolution
27 February 1844
26 August 1849
• Republic
15 January 1859
28 July 1915
29 March 1987
• Total
27,750 km2 (10,710 sq mi) (143rd)
• Water (%)
• 2018 estimate
11,439,646[6][7] (85th)
• Density
382/km2 (989.4/sq mi) (32nd)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$33.884 billion[8] (144th)
• Per capita
$2,962[8] (174th)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$21.373 billion[8] (139th)
• Per capita
$1,943[8] (172nd)
Gini (2012)60.8[9]
very high
HDI (2019)Increase 0.510[10]
low · 170th
CurrencyGourde (G) (HTG)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
• Summer (DST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+509
ISO 3166 codeHT
Internet TLD.ht


Haiti ; French: Haïti [a.iti]; officially the Republic of Haiti and formerly known as Hayti, is a country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea, to the east of Cuba and Jamaica and south of The Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands. It occupies the western three-eighths of the island which it shares with the Dominican Republic. To its south-west lies the small island of Navassa Island, which is claimed by Haiti but is disputed as a United States territory under federal administration. Haiti is 27,750 square kilometers (10,714 sq mi) in size, the third largest country in the Caribbean by area, and has an estimated population of 11.4 million, making it the most populous country in the Caribbean.