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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Guatemala

Republic of Guatemala

República de Guatemala  (Spanish)
  • "Libre Crezca Fecundo"[1] (Spanish)
    (English: "Grow Free and Fertile")
Himno Nacional de Guatemala
(English: "National Anthem of Guatemala")
La Granadera
(English: "The Song of the Grenadier")
Location of Guatemala (dark green) in the Western Hemisphere (grey)
Location of Guatemala (dark green)

in the Western Hemisphere (grey)

and largest city
Guatemala City
14°38′N 90°30′W / 14.633°N 90.500°W / 14.633; -90.500
Official languagesSpanish
Ethnic groups
88% Christianity
—45% Roman Catholic
—42% Protestant
—1% Other Christian
11% No religion
1% Other religions
Chapín (informal)
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
• President
Alejandro Giammattei
Guillermo Castillo
Allan Rodríguez
• President of the Supreme Court
Néster Vásquez Pimentel
LegislatureCongress of the Republic
from the Spanish Empire
• Declared
15 September 1821
• Declared from the
First Mexican Empire
1 July 1823
• Current constitution
31 May 1985
• Total
108,889 km2 (42,042 sq mi) (105th)
• Water (%)
• 2018 estimate
Increase 17,263,239[4] (67th)
• Density
129/km2 (334.1/sq mi) (85th)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$145.249 billion[4] (75th)
• Per capita
$8,413[4] (118th)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$79.109 billion[4] (68th)
• Per capita
$4,582[4] (103rd)
Gini (2014)48.3[5]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.663[6]
medium · 127th
CurrencyQuetzal (GTQ)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+502
ISO 3166 codeGT
Internet TLD.gt


Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala, is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, Belize and the Caribbean to the northeast, Honduras to the east, El Salvador to the southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the south. With an estimated population of around 17.2 million, it is the most populous country in Central America and has the 11th largest national population in the Americas. Guatemala is a representative democracy; its capital and largest city is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, also known as Guatemala City.