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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Ghana

Republic of Ghana
Motto: "Freedom and Justice"
Anthem: "God Bless Our Homeland Ghana"
Location of Ghana
Capital
and largest city
Accra
5°33′N 0°12′W / 5.550°N 0.200°W / 5.550; -0.200
Official languagesEnglish[1][2]
Recognised national languages
Ethnic groups
(2021 census[3])
Religion
(2021 census[3])
Demonym(s)Ghanaian
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
• President
Nana Akufo-Addo
Mahamudu Bawumia
Alban Bagbin
Kwasi Anin-Yeboah
LegislatureParliament
Independence from the United Kingdom
• Dominion
6 March 1957
• Republic
1 July 1960
Area
• Total
238,535 km2 (92,099 sq mi) (80th)
• Water (%)
4.61 (11,000 km2; 4,247 mi2)
Population
• 2022 estimate
32,103,042[4] (47th)
• 2021 census
30,792,608[5]
• Density
101.5/km2 (262.9/sq mi) (103rd)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
$226 billion[6]
• Per capita
$8,343[6]
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
$73.594  billion[6]
• Per capita
$2,374[6]
Gini (2016)Negative increase 43.5[7]
medium
HDI (2019)Increase 0.611[8]
medium · 138th
CurrencyCedi (GHS)
Time zoneUTC (GMT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+233
ISO 3166 codeGH
Internet TLD.gh

Ghana

Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a country in West Africa. It abuts the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean to the south, sharing borders with the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, and Togo in the east. Ghana covers an area of 238,535 km2 (92,099 sq mi), spanning diverse biomes that range from coastal savannas to tropical rain forests. With over 31 million people, Ghana is the second-most populous country in West Africa, after Nigeria. The capital and largest city is Accra; other major cities are Kumasi, Tamale, and Sekondi-Takoradi.