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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Germany

Federal Republic of Germany

Bundesrepublik Deutschland (German)
Anthem: "Deutschlandlied"[a]
(English: "Song of Germany")
EU-Germany (orthographic projection).svg
EU-Germany.svg
Location of Germany (dark green)

– in Europe (light green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (light green)

Capital
and largest city
Berlin[b]
52°31′N 13°23′E / 52.517°N 13.383°E / 52.517; 13.383
Official language
and national language
German[c]
Demonym(s)German
GovernmentFederal parliamentary republic
• President
Frank-Walter Steinmeier
Angela Merkel
Olaf Scholz
Legislature
Bundesrat
Bundestag
Formation
18 January 1871
9 November 1918
23 March 1933
23 May 1949
3 October 1990
Area
• Total
357,022 km2 (137,847 sq mi)[4] (63rd)
• Water (%)
1.27 (as of 2015)[5]
Population
• 2020 estimate
Neutral increase 83,190,556[6] (18th)
• Density
232/km2 (600.9/sq mi) (58th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $4.743 trillion[7] (5th)
• Per capita
Increase $56,956[7] (15th)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $4.319 trillion[7] (4th)
• Per capita
Increase $51,860[7] (15th)
Gini (2019)Positive decrease 29.7[8]
low
HDI (2019)Increase 0.947[9]
very high · 6th
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Driving sideright
ISO 3166 codeDE
Internet TLD.de

Germany

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central Europe. It is the second-most populous country in Europe after Russia, and the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is situated between the Baltic and North seas to the north, and the Alps to the south; covering an area of 357,022 square kilometres (137,847 sq mi), with a population of over 83 million within its 16 constituent states. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, and France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands to the west. The nation's capital and largest city is Berlin, and its financial centre is Frankfurt; the largest urban area is the Ruhr.