• (230) 4278861, 4260399

Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in France

French Republic
République française (French)[1]
Motto: "Liberté, égalité, fraternité"
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem: "La Marseillaise"
Great Seal:
Obverse Reverse
EU-France (orthographic projection).svg
EU-France.svg
France in the World (+Antarctica claims).svg
Location of France (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)

Capital
and largest city
Paris
48°51′N 2°21′E / 48.850°N 2.350°E / 48.850; 2.350
Official language
and national language
French[I]
Nationality (2018)
Religion
(2020)
Demonym(s)French
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
• President
Emmanuel Macron
Jean Castex
Gérard Larcher
Richard Ferrand
LegislatureParliament
Senate
National Assembly
Establishment
• Reign of Clovis I as King of the Franks
500
August 843
22 September 1792
• Founded the EEC[III]
1 January 1958
4 October 1958
Area
• Total
640,679 km2 (247,368 sq mi)[4] (42nd)
• Water (%)
0.86 (as of 2015)[5]
551,695 km2 (213,011 sq mi)[V] (50th)
• Metropolitan France (Cadastre)
543,940.9 km2 (210,016.8 sq mi)[VI][6] (50th)
Population
• May 2021 estimate
Neutral increase 67,413,000[7] (20th)
• Density
104.7109/km2 (106th)
• Metropolitan France, estimate as of May 2021
Neutral increase 65,239,000[8] (23rd)
• Density
116/km2 (300.4/sq mi) (89th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $3.232 trillion[9] (9th)
• Per capita
Increase $49,492[9] (25th)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $2.938 trillion[9] (7th)
• Per capita
Increase $44,995[9] (24th)
Gini (2019)Negative increase 29.2[10]
low
HDI (2019)Increase 0.901[11]
very high · 26th
Currency
Time zoneUTC+1 (Central European Time)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (Central European Summer Time[X])
Note: various other time zones are observed in overseas France.[IX]
Although France is in Western European Time/UTC (Z) zone, since 25 February 1940, upon WW2 German occupation, Central European Time/UTC+01:00 was enforced as standard time,[2] with a +0:50:39 offset (and +1:50:39 during DST) from Paris LMT (UTC+0:09:21).
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Mains electricity230 V–50 Hz
Driving sideright
Calling code+33[XI]
ISO 3166 codeFR
Internet TLD.fr[XII]
Source gives area of metropolitan France as 551,500 km2 (212,900 sq mi) and lists overseas regions separately, whose areas sum to 89,179 km2 (34,432 sq mi). Adding these give the total shown here for the entire French Republic. The CIA reports the total as 643,801 km2 (248,573 sq mi).

France

France, officially the French Republic, is a transcontinental country spanning Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. Its metropolitan area extends from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea; overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. France borders Belgium, Luxembourg, and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland, Monaco and Italy to the east, Andorra and Spain to the south, as well as the Netherlands, Suriname, and Brazil in the Americas. Its eighteen integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 km2 (248,573 sq mi) and over 67 million people. France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre; other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille, and Nice. Including its overseas territories, France has twelve time zones, the most of any country.