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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Finland

Republic of Finland

Maamme  (Finnish)
Vårt land  (Swedish)
(English: "Our Land")
EU-Finland (orthographic projection).svg
Location of Finland (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]

and largest city
60°10′N 24°56′E / 60.167°N 24.933°E / 60.167; 24.933
Official languagesFinnishSwedish
Recognised national languagesViittomakieliSámiTeckenspråkKarelianFinnish Kalo language
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic[4]
• President
Sauli Niinistö
Sanna Marin
from Russia
• Autonomy
29 March 1809
• Declared
6 December 1917
• Civil War
January – May 1918
17 July 1919
30 November 1939 – 13 March 1940
25 June 1941 – 19 September 1944
• Joined the EU
1 January 1995
• Total
338,455 km2 (130,678 sq mi) (65th)
• Water (%)
9.71 (as of 2015)[5]
• December 2020 estimate
Neutral increase 5,536,146[6] (116th)
• Density
16/km2 (41.4/sq mi) (213th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
$257 billion[7] (60th)
• Per capita
$49,334[7] (19th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
$277 billion[7] (43rd)
• Per capita
$48,461[7] (14th)
Gini (2019)Negative increase 26.2[8]
low · 6th
HDI (2019)Increase 0.938[9]
very high · 11th
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
Date formatd.m.yyyy[10]
Driving sideright
Calling code+358
ISO 3166 codeFI
Internet TLD.fia
  1. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.


Finland, officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic country in Northern Europe. It shares land borders with Sweden to the west, Russia to the east, Norway to the north, and is defined by the Gulf of Bothnia to the west, and the Gulf of Finland of the Baltic Sea across Estonia to the south. Finland covers an area of 338,455 square kilometres (130,678 sq mi), with a population of 5.5 million. Helsinki is the country's capital and largest city, but together with the neighboring cities of Espoo, Kauniainen and Vantaa, it forms a larger metropolitan area. Finnish, the native language of the Finns, is among the few Finnic languages in the world. The climate varies relative to latitude, from the southern humid continental climate to the northern boreal climate. The land cover is primarily a boreal forest biome, with more than 180,000 recorded lakes.