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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Estonia

Republic of Estonia
Eesti Vabariik  (Estonian)
Anthem: "Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm"
(English: "My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy")
Estonia on the globe (Europe centered).svg
EU-Estonia.svg
Location of Estonia (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Tallinna
59°25′N 24°45′E / 59.417°N 24.750°E / 59.417; 24.750
Official language
and national language
Estonianb
Ethnolinguistic groups (2021)
Religion
(2011[1])
Demonym(s)Estonian
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
• President
Alar Karis
Kaja Kallas
Jüri Ratas
LegislatureRiigikogu
Independence 
24 February 1918
February–November 1918
11–14 November 1918
1940–1941
1941–1944
1944–1991
20 August 1991
• Joined the EU
1 May 2004
Area
• Total
45,339[2] km2 (17,505 sq mi) (129thd)
• Water (%)
5.16 (as of 2015)[3]
Population
• 2022 estimate
Neutral decrease 1,328,439[4]
• 2011 census
1,294,455[5]
• Density
30.9/km2 (80.0/sq mi) (148th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
$49.644 billion[6]
• Per capita
$44,853[6] (41st)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
$35.187 billion[6] (97th)
• Per capita
$29,735[6] (39th)
Gini (2020)Steady 30.5[7]
medium
HDI (2019)Increase 0.892[8]
very high · 29th
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+372
ISO 3166 codeEE
Internet TLD.eec
  1. The Supreme Court and one ministry are based in Tartu.
  2. According to the Constitution of Estonia, Estonian is the sole official language.
  3. Also .eu, shared with other member states of the European Union.

Estonia

Estonia, officially the Republic of Estonia, is a country in northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland across from Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea across from Sweden, to the south by Latvia, and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia. The territory of Estonia consists of the mainland, the larger islands of Saaremaa and Hiiumaa, and over 2,200 other islands and islets on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea, covering a total area of 45,339 km2 (17,505 sq mi). The capital city Tallinn and Tartu are the two largest urban areas of the country. The Estonian language is the autochthonous and the official language of Estonia; it is the first language of the majority of its people, as well as the world's second most spoken Finnic language.