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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Estonia

Republic of Estonia

Eesti Vabariik  (Estonian)
Location of Estonia (dark green) – in Europe (green & grey) – in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of Estonia (dark green)

– in Europe (green & grey)
– in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]

and largest city
59°25′N 24°45′E / 59.417°N 24.750°E / 59.417; 24.750
Official language
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
• President
Kersti Kaljulaid
Kaja Kallas
• Autonomy
12 April 1917
• Declared
24 February 1918
2 February 1920
• Restored
20 August 1991
• Joined the EU
1 May 2004
• Total
45,339[4] km2 (17,505 sq mi) (129thd)
• Water (%)
5.16 (as of 2015)[5]
• 2021 estimate
Neutral increase 1,330,068[6]
• Census
• Density
29.22/km2 (75.7/sq mi) (148th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
$49.644 billion[8]
• Per capita
$39,543[8] (37th)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
$34.97 billion[8] (97th)
• Per capita
$26,377[8] (35th)
Gini (2019)Positive decrease 30.5[9]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.892[10]
very high · 29th
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Calling code+372
ISO 3166 codeEE
Internet TLD.eee
  1. The Supreme Court and one ministry are based in Tartu.
  2. According to the Constitution of Estonia, Estonian is the sole official language.[11] In southern counties, Võro and Seto are spoken along with it. Russian is spoken in parts of Ida-Virumaa and Tallinn.
  3. Including 5.4% Võros and 0.93% Setos.[12]
  4. 47,549 km2 (18,359 sq mi) were defined according to the Treaty of Tartu in 1920 between Estonia and Soviet Russia (then under communist Bolshevik revolutionary government prior to the founding of the USSR in 1922). Today, the remaining 2,323 km2 (897 sq mi) are part of the Russian Federation. The ceded areas include most of the former Petseri County and areas east of the Narva river including Ivangorod (Jaanilinn).[13] Pechory remains under Russian administration.
  5. Also .eu, shared with other member states of the European Union.


Estonia, officially the Republic of Estonia, is a country in Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland across from Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea across from Sweden, to the south by Latvia, and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia. The territory of Estonia consists of the mainland and of 2,222 islands on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea, covering a total area of 45,227 km2 (17,462 sq mi), and is influenced by a humid continental climate. Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, and Tartu are the largest cities and urban areas in the country. Other notable cities include Narva, Pärnu, Kohtla-Järve and Viljandi. The official language of the country, Estonian, is the second-most-spoken Finnic language.