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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Estonia

Republic of Estonia
Eesti Vabariik  (Estonian)
Anthem: "Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm"
(English: "My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy")
Estonia on the globe (Europe centered).svg
Location of Estonia (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]

and largest city
59°25′N 24°45′E / 59.417°N 24.750°E / 59.417; 24.750
Official language
and national language
Ethnic groups (2022)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
• President
Alar Karis
Kaja Kallas
from Russia
24 February 1918
2 February 1920
20 August 1991
• Joined the EU
1 May 2004
• Total
45,339[2] km2 (17,505 sq mi) (129thd)
• Water (%)
5.16 (2015)[3]
• 2022 estimate
Increase 1,331,796[4]
• 2021 census
• Density
30.6/km2 (79.3/sq mi) (148th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
$59.557 billion[6]
• Per capita
$44,778[6] (41st)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
$37.202 billion[6] (97th)
• Per capita
$27,971[6] (39th)
Gini (2021)Negative increase 30.6[7]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.892[8]
very high · 29th
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+372
ISO 3166 codeEE
Internet TLD.eec
  1. The Supreme Court and one ministry are based in Tartu.
  2. According to the Constitution of Estonia, Estonian is the sole official language.
  3. Also .eu, shared with other member states of the European Union.


Estonia, officially the Republic of Estonia, is a country in Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland across from Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea across from Sweden, to the south by Latvia, and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia. The territory of Estonia consists of the mainland, the larger islands of Saaremaa and Hiiumaa, and over 2,200 other islands and islets on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea, covering a total area of 45,339 square kilometres (17,505 sq mi). The capital city Tallinn and Tartu are the two largest urban areas of the country. The Estonian language is the autochthonous and the official language of Estonia; it is the first language of the majority of its population, as well as the world's second most spoken Finnic language.