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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Egypt

Arab Republic of Egypt

جمهورية مصر العربية
  • Arabic:Jumhūrīyat Miṣr al-ʻArabīyah
    Egyptian:Gomhoreyyet Maṣr el-ʿArabeyya
Anthem: "Bilady, Bilady, Bilady"
"بلادي، بلادي، بلادي"
(English: "My country, my country, my country")
EGY orthographic.svg
and largest city
30°2′N 31°13′E / 30.033°N 31.217°E / 30.033; 31.217
Official languagesArabic
National languageEgyptian Arabic[a]
See Religion in Egypt
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential
• President
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
Moustafa Madbouly
Hanafi Ali Gibali
• Unification of Upper
and Lower Egypt
c. 3150 BC
• Muhammad Ali dynasty inaugurated
9 July 1805[3]
28 February 1922
23 July 1952
• Republic declared
18 June 1953
18 January 2014
• Total
1,010,408[4][5] km2 (390,121 sq mi) (29th)
• Water (%)
• 01.01.2021 estimate
Neutral increase 101,478,581 [6][7] (15th)
• 2017 census
94,798,827 [8][9]
• Density
100/km2 (259.0/sq mi) (83rd)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.391 trillion[10] (19th)
• Per capita
Increase $14,023[10] (92nd)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $362 billion[10] (34th)
• Per capita
Increase $3,561[10] (114th)
Gini (2015)Positive decrease 31.8[11]
medium · 51st
HDI (2019)Increase 0.707[12]
high · 116th
CurrencyEgyptian pound (E£) (EGP)
Time zoneUTC+2[c] (EGY)
Driving sideright
Calling code+20
ISO 3166 codeEG
Internet TLD
  1. ^ Literary Arabic is the sole official language.[13] Egyptian Arabic is the spoken language. Other dialects and minority languages are spoken regionally.
  2. ^ "Among the peoples of the ancient Near East, only the Egyptians have stayed where they were and remained what they were, although they have changed their language once and their religion twice. In a sense, they constitute the world's oldest nation".[1] Arthur Goldschmidt Jr.
  3. ^ See Daylight saving time in Egypt.


Egypt, officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip (Palestine) and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west. Across the Gulf of Aqaba lies Jordan, across the Red Sea lies Saudi Arabia, and across the Mediterranean lie Greece, Turkey and Cyprus, although none share a land border with Egypt.