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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Egypt

Arab Republic of Egypt
جمهورية مصر العربية
  • Arabic:Jumhūrīyat Miṣr al-ʻArabīyah
    Egyptian:Gomhoreyyet Maṣr el-ʿArabeyya
Anthem: "Bilady, Bilady, Bilady"
"بلادي، بلادي، بلادي"
(English: "My country, my country, my country")
EGY orthographic.svg
Capital
and largest city
Cairo
30°2′N 31°13′E / 30.033°N 31.217°E / 30.033; 31.217
Official languagesArabic
National languageEgyptian Arabic[a]
Religion
See Religion in Egypt
Demonym(s)Egyptian
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
• President
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
Moustafa Madbouly
LegislatureParliament
Senate
House of Representatives
Establishment
• Unification of Upper
and Lower Egypt
[1][2][b]
c. 3150 BC
• Muhammad Ali dynasty inaugurated
9 July 1805[3]
28 February 1922
23 July 1952
• Republic declared
18 June 1953
18 January 2014
Area
• Total
1,010,408[4][5] km2 (390,121 sq mi) (29th)
• Water (%)
0.632
Population
• 2022 estimate
107,770,524[6] (15th)
• 2017 census
94,798,827[7][8]
• Density
102/km2 (264.2/sq mi) (118th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.493 trillion[9] (21st)
• Per capita
Increase $14,226[9] (99th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $438.348 billion[9] (36th)
• Per capita
Increase $4,176[9] (118th)
Gini (2017)Positive decrease 31.5[10]
medium · 46th
HDI (2021)Steady 0.731[11]
high · 97th
CurrencyEgyptian pound (LE/E£/£E) (EGP)
Time zoneUTC+2[c] (EGY)
Driving sideright
Calling code+20
ISO 3166 codeEG
Internet TLD
  1. ^ Literary Arabic is the sole official language.[12] Egyptian Arabic is the spoken language. Other dialects and minority languages are spoken regionally.
  2. ^ "Among the peoples of the ancient Near East, only the Egyptians have stayed where they were and remained what they were, although they have changed their language once and their religion twice. In a sense, they constitute the world's oldest nation".[1] Arthur Goldschmidt Jr.
  3. ^ See Daylight saving time in Egypt.

Egypt

Egypt, officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. It is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Gaza Strip of Palestine and Israel to the northeast, the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west. The Gulf of Aqaba in the northeast separates Egypt from Jordan and Saudi Arabia. Cairo is the capital and largest city of Egypt, while Alexandria, the second-largest city, is an important industrial and tourist hub at the Mediterranean coast. At approximately 100 million inhabitants, Egypt is the 14th-most populated country in the world.