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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Ecuador

Republic of Ecuador
Motto: 
  • Dios, patria y libertad  (Spanish)
  • Pro Deo, Patria et Libertate (Latin)
  • "God, homeland and freedom"
Anthem: Salve, Oh Patria  (Spanish)
(English: "Hail, Oh Homeland")
Location of Ecuador (dark green)
Location of Ecuador (dark green)
CapitalQuito
00°13′12″S 78°30′43″W / 0.22000°S 78.51194°W / -0.22000; -78.51194
Largest cityGuayaquil
Official languagesSpanish[1]
Recognized regional languagesKichwa (Quechua), Shuar and others "are in official use for indigenous peoples"[2]
Ethnic groups
(2010[3])
Religion
(2012)[4][5]
Demonym(s)Ecuadorian
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
Guillermo Lasso
Alfredo Borrero
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence
• Declared
August 10, 1809
• from Spain
May 24, 1822
• from Gran Colombia
May 13, 1830
• Recognized by Spain
February 16, 1840[6]
December 21, 1945
September 28, 2008
Area
• Total
283,561[1] km2 (109,484 sq mi)a (73rd)
• Water (%)
5
Population
• August 2021 estimate
17,715,822[7] (66th)
• Census
17,300,000[8]
• Density
67/km2 (173.5/sq mi) (151st)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$202.043 billion
• Per capita
$11,701[9]
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$106.289 billion
• Per capita
$6,155[9]
Gini (2014)Positive decrease 45.4[10]
medium
HDI (2019)Increase 0.759[11]
high · 86th
CurrencyUnited States dollarb (USD)
Time zoneUTC−5 / −6 (ECT / GALT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+593
ISO 3166 codeEC
Internet TLD.ec
  1. Including Galápagos Islands.
  2. Sucre until 2000, replaced by the US$ and Ecuadorian centavo coins.

Ecuador

Ecuador, officially the Republic of Ecuador, is a country in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean on the west. Ecuador also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometres (621 mi) west of the mainland. The capital is Quito.