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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Cyprus

Republic of Cyprus
  • Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία (Greek)
  • Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti (Turkish)
Anthem: Ὕμνος εἰς τὴν Ἐλευθερίαν[a]
"Hymn to Liberty"
Location of Cyprus (pictured lower right), showing the Republic of Cyprus in darker green and the self-declared republic of Northern Cyprus in brighter green, with the rest of the European Union shown in faded green
Location of Cyprus (pictured lower right), showing the Republic of Cyprus in darker green and the self-declared republic of Northern Cyprus in brighter green, with the rest of the European Union shown in faded green
Capital
and largest city
Nicosia
35°10′N 33°22′E / 35.167°N 33.367°E / 35.167; 33.367
Official languages
Minority languages
Vernaculars
Ethnic groups
Religion
(2020; including Northern Cyprus)
Demonym(s)Cypriot
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
• President
Nicos Anastasiades
Vacant[b]
Annita Demetriou
LegislatureHouse of Representatives
Independence from the United Kingdom
19 February 1959
• Independence proclaimed
16 August 1960
1 October 1960
• Joined the EU
1 May 2004
Area
• Total[c]
9,251 km2 (3,572 sq mi) (162nd)
• Water (%)
0.11[5]
Population
• 2018 estimate
1,189,265[c][6][7] (158th)
• 2011 census
838,897[d][8]
• Density
123.4[c][9]/km2 (319.6/sq mi) (82nd)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $43.802 billion[10] (123rd)
• Per capita
Increase $48,443[10] (37th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $27.726 billion[10] (110th)
• Per capita
Decrease $30,663[10] (36th)
Gini (2020)Positive decrease 29.3[11]
low
HDI (2019)Increase 0.887[12]
very high · 33rd
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+357
ISO 3166 codeCY
Internet TLD.cy[e]

Cyprus

Cyprus, officially the Republic of Cyprus, is an island country in the eastern Mediterranean Sea south of the Anatolian Peninsula. It is the third-largest and third-most populous island in the Mediterranean, and is south of Turkey and west of Syria. Its capital and largest city is Nicosia.