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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Cuba

Republic of Cuba
República de Cuba  (Spanish)
"¡Patria o Muerte, Venceremos!"  (Spanish)
("Homeland or Death, We Shall Overcome!")[1]
Anthem: La Bayamesa
(English: "The Bayamo Song")[2]
CUB orthographic.svg
and largest city
23°8′N 82°23′W / 23.133°N 82.383°W / 23.133; -82.383
Official languagesSpanish
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist republic[5]
Miguel Díaz-Canel
Salvador Valdés Mesa
Manuel Marrero Cruz
Esteban Lazo Hernández
LegislatureNational Assembly of People's Power
Independence from the United States and Spain
10 October 1868
24 February 1895
• Recognized (handed over from Spain to the United States)
10 December 1898
• Republic declared (independence from United States)
20 May 1902
26 July 1953 – 1 January 1959
10 April 2019
• Total
109,884 km2 (42,426 sq mi) (104th)
• Water (%)
• 2020 census
Decrease 11,181,595[6] (83rd)
• Density
101.9/km2 (263.9/sq mi) (80th)
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
• Total
US$ 254.865 billion[7]
• Per capita
US$ 22,237[7][8]
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
Increase US$ 105.355 billion[9] (63rd)
• Per capita
Increase US$ 9,296[9] (88th)
Gini (2000)38.0[10]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.783[11]
high · 70th
CurrencyCuban peso (CUP)
Time zoneUTC−5 (CST)
• Summer (DST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+53
ISO 3166 codeCU
Internet TLD.cu


Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba, as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos. Cuba is located where the northern Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and Atlantic Ocean meet. It is east of the Yucatán Peninsula (Mexico), south of both the U.S. state of Florida and the Bahamas, west of Hispaniola, and north of both Jamaica and the Cayman Islands. Havana is the largest city and capital; other major cities include Santiago de Cuba and Camagüey. The official area of the Republic of Cuba is 109,884 km2 (42,426 sq mi). The main island of Cuba is the largest island in Cuba and in the Caribbean, with an area of 104,556 km2 (40,369 sq mi). Cuba is the second-most populous country in the Caribbean after Haiti, with over 11 million inhabitants.