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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Costa Rica

Republic of Costa Rica
República de Costa Rica (Spanish)
Anthem: "Himno Nacional de Costa Rica" (Spanish)
"National Anthem of Costa Rica"
Location of Costa Rica
and largest city
San José
9°56′N 84°5′W / 9.933°N 84.083°W / 9.933; -84.083
Official languagesSpanish
Recognized regional languages
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
• President
Rodrigo Chaves
Stephan Brunner
Mary Munive
LegislatureLegislative Assembly
Independence declared
• from Spain
15 September 1821
1 July 1823
14 November 1838
• Recognized by Spain
10 May 1850
• Constitution
7 November 1949[2]
• Total
51,100 km2 (19,700 sq mi) (126th)
• Water (%)
1.05 (as of 2015)[5]
• 2022 estimate
5,204,411[6] (124th)
• Density
220/sq mi (84.9/km2) (107th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $128.134 billion[7]
• Per capita
Increase $24,490[7]
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $65.314 billion[7]
• Per capita
Increase $12,483[7]
Gini (2020)Negative increase 49.7[8]
HDI (2021)Decrease 0.809[9]
very high · 58th
CurrencyCosta Rican colón (CRC)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+506
ISO 3166 codeCR
Internet TLD.cr

Costa Rica

Costa Rica, officially the Republic of Costa Rica, is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, and maritime border with Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island. It has a population of around five million in a land area of 51,060 km2 (19,710 sq mi). An estimated 333,980 people live in the capital and largest city, San José, with around two million people in the surrounding metropolitan area.