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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Colombia

Republic of Colombia

República de Colombia (Spanish)
Motto: "Libertad y Orden" (Spanish)
"Freedom and Order"
Anthem: Himno Nacional de la República de Colombia  (Spanish)
("National Anthem of the Republic of Colombia")
Location of Colombia (dark green) in South America (grey)
Location of Colombia (dark green)

in South America (grey)

and largest city
4°35′N 74°4′W / 4.583°N 74.067°W / 4.583; -74.067
Official languagesSpanish
Recognized regional languages68[a]
Ethnic groups
(2018 census[1])
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
Iván Duque Márquez
Marta Lucía Ramírez
Lidio García Turbay
José Luis Barceló
Chamber of Representatives
Independence from Spain
• Declared
20 July 1810
• Recognized
7 August 1819
• Last unitarisation
4 July 1991
• Secession of Panama
• Total
1,141,748 km2 (440,831 sq mi) (25th)
• Water (%)
2.1 (as of 2015)[3]
• 2020 estimate
Neutral increase 50,372,424[4] (28th)
• Density
42.23/km2 (109.4/sq mi) (173rd)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
$827.662 billion[5] (31st)
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
$343.177 billion[5] (38th)
• Per capita
Gini (2018)Negative increase 50.4[6]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.767[7]
high · 83rd
CurrencyColombian peso (COP)
Time zoneUTC−5[b] (COT)
Date formatdd−mm−yyyy (CE)
Driving sideright
Calling code+57
ISO 3166 codeCO
Internet TLD.co
  1. ^ Although the Colombian Constitution specifies Spanish (Castellano) as the official language in all Colombian territory, other languages spoken in the country by ethnic groups – approximately 68 languages – each is also official in its own territory.[8] English is also official in the archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina.[9]
  2. ^ The official Colombian time[10] is controlled and coordinated by the National Institute of Metrology.[11]


Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a country in South America. It is bounded on the north by the Caribbean Sea, the northwest by Panama, the south by Ecuador and Peru, the east by Venezuela, the southeast by Brazil, and the west by the Pacific Ocean. Colombia is composed of 32 departments and the Capital District of Bogotá, the country's largest city. It covers an area of 1,141,748 square kilometres (440,831 sq mi), with a population of 50 million. Colombia's rich cultural heritage reflects influences by various Amerindian civilizations, European settlement, African slaves, and immigration from Europe and the Middle East. Spanish is the nation's official language, besides which over 70 languages are spoken.