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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Colombia

Republic of Colombia
República de Colombia  (Spanish)
Motto: "Libertad y Orden" (Spanish)
("Freedom and Order")
Anthem: Himno Nacional de la República de Colombia (Spanish)
("National Anthem of the Republic of Colombia")
Location of Colombia (dark green) in South America (grey)
Location of Colombia (dark green)

in South America (grey)

Capital
and largest city
Bogotá
4°35′N 74°4′W / 4.583°N 74.067°W / 4.583; -74.067
Official languagesSpanish
Recognized regional languagesEnglish (in San Andrés and Providencia)
64 other languages [a]
Ethnic groups
(2018 census[1])
Religion
(2018)[2]
Demonym(s)Colombian
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
• President
Gustavo Petro
Francia Márquez
LegislatureCongress
Senate
Chamber of Representatives
Independence from Spain
• Declared
20 July 1810
• Recognized
7 August 1819
• Last unitarisation
1886
• Secession of Panama
1903
4 July 1991
Area
• Total
1,141,748 km2 (440,831 sq mi) (25th)
• Water (%)
2.1 (as of 2015)[3]
Population
• 2022 estimate
49,059,221[4] (29th)
• Density
42.23/km2 (109.4/sq mi) (173rd)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase$940.589 billion[5] (32nd)
• Per capita
Increase$18,225[5] (84th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase$351.281 billion[5] (43rd)
• Per capita
Increase$6,806[5] (97th)
Gini (2020)Negative increase 54.2[6]
high
HDI (2021)Decrease 0.752[7]
high · 88th
CurrencyColombian peso (COP)
Time zoneUTC−5[b] (COT)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy (CE)
Driving sideright
Calling code+57
ISO 3166 codeCO
Internet TLD.co
  1. ^ Although the Colombian Constitution specifies Spanish (Castellano) as the official language in all Colombian territory, other languages spoken in the country by ethnic groups – approximately 68 languages – each is also official in its own territory.[8] English is also official in the archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina.[9]
  2. ^ The official Colombian time[10] is controlled and coordinated by the National Institute of Metrology.[11]

Colombia

Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a country in South America with an insular region in North America. It is bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the north, Venezuela to the east, Brazil to the southeast, Ecuador and Peru to the south, the Pacific Ocean to the west and Panama to the northwest. Colombia comprises 32 departments and the Capital District of Bogotá, the country's largest city. It covers an area of 1,141,748 square kilometers (440,831 sq mi), with a population of 50 million. Colombia's cultural heritage reflects influences by various Amerindian civilizations, European settlement, enslaved Africans, as well as immigration from Europe and the Middle East. Spanish is the nation's official language, besides which over 70 languages are spoken.