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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Christmas Island

Christmas Island
Territory of Christmas Island
Wilayah Pulau Krismas  (Malay)
聖誕島領地  (Chinese)
Flying Fish Cove
Flying Fish Cove
Location of Christmas Island (red circle) and the location of Australia mainland (continent in red)
Location of Christmas Island (red circle) and the location of Australia mainland (continent in red)
Sovereign stateAustralia
Proclamation of British sovereignty
(Annexation)
6 June 1888
Transferred from Singapore
to Australia
1 October 1958
Capital
and largest city
Flying Fish Cove
("The Settlement")
10°25′18″S 105°40′41″E / 10.42167°S 105.67806°E / -10.42167; 105.67806
Official languagesNone[a]
Spoken languages
Ethnic groups
  • 21.2% Chinese
  • 18% Malay
  • 12.7% Australian
  • 7% English
  • 2.5% Irish
  • 41.8% other (including Straits Indians and Eurasians)
Demonym(s)Christmas Islander
GovernmentDirectly administered dependency
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
David Hurley
Natasha Griggs
Gordon Thompson
Area
• Total
135 km2 (52 sq mi)
• Water (%)
0
Highest elevation
361 m (1,184 ft)
Population
• 2016 census
1,843 (2016)[1] (not ranked)
• Density
10.39/km2 (26.9/sq mi) (not ranked)
GDP (nominal)2010 estimate
• Total
US$52,177,900[2]
CurrencyAustralian dollar (AUD)
Time zoneUTC+07:00 (CXT)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+61 891
Postcode
WA 6798
ISO 3166 codeCX
Internet TLD.cx[3]

Christmas Island

Christmas Island, officially known as the Territory of Christmas Island, is an Australian external territory comprising the island of the same name. It is located in the Indian Ocean, around 350 kilometres (220 mi) south of Java and Sumatra and around 1,550 km (960 mi) north-west of the closest point on the Australian mainland. It lies 2,600 km (1,600 mi) northwest of Perth and 1,327 km (825 mi) south of Singapore. It has an area of 135 square kilometres (52 sq mi).