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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in China

People's Republic of China

  • 中华人民共和国 (Chinese)
  • Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó (Pinyin)
Anthem: 义勇军进行曲
Yìyǒngjūn Jìnxíngqǔ
("March of the Volunteers")
Land controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; land claimed but uncontrolled shown in light green.
Land controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; land claimed but uncontrolled shown in light green.
CapitalBeijing
39°55′N 116°23′E / 39.917°N 116.383°E / 39.917; 116.383
Largest cityShanghai
Official languagesStandard Chinese[a]
Recognised regional languages
Official scriptSimplified Chinese[b]
Ethnic groups
Religion
(2020)[1]
Demonym(s)Chinese
GovernmentUnitary Marxist–Leninist[2] one-party socialist republic[3]
Xi Jinping
• Premier
Li Keqiang
Li Zhanshu
Wang Yang
Wang Huning
Zhao Leji
• 1st Vice Premier
Han Zheng
Wang Qishan[g]
Yang Xiaodu
Zhou Qiang
Zhang Jun
LegislatureNational People's Congress
Formation
c. 2070 BCE
221 BCE
1 January 1912
1 October 1949
20 September 1954
4 December 1982
20 December 1999
Area
• Total
9,596,961 km2 (3,705,407 sq mi)[h][6] (3rd/4th)
• Water (%)
2.8[i]
Population
• 2021 estimate
Increase 1,444,390,177[8] (1st)
• Density
145[9]/km2 (375.5/sq mi) (83rd)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $26.66 trillion[10] (1st)
• Per capita
Increase $18,931[10] (70th)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $16.64 trillion[10] (2nd)
• Per capita
Increase $11,819[10] (56th)
Gini (2018)Negative increase 46.7[11]
high
HDI (2019)Increase 0.761[12]
high · 85th
CurrencyRenminbi (元 / ¥)[j] (CNY)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard Time)
Date format
Driving sideright (mainland);
  • left (Hong Kong and Macau SARs)
Calling code+86 (mainland);
ISO 3166 codeCN
Internet TLD

China

China, officially the People's Republic of China, is a country in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country, with a population of more than 1.4 billion. Covering an area of approximately 9.6 million square kilometers, it is the world's third or fourth-largest country. The country is officially divided into 23 provinces, five autonomous regions, and four direct-controlled municipalities of Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing, as well as two special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.