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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in China

People's Republic of China
中华人民共和国 (Chinese)
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó (Pinyin)
Anthem: 义勇军进行曲
Yìyǒngjūn Jìnxíngqǔ
"March of the Volunteers"
Territory controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; territory claimed but not controlled is shown in light green
Territory controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; territory claimed but not controlled is shown in light green
CapitalBeijing
39°55′N 116°23′E / 39.917°N 116.383°E / 39.917; 116.383
Largest cityShanghai
Official languagesStandard Chinese[a]
Recognized regional languages
Official scriptSimplified Chinese[b]
Ethnic groups
(2020)[1]
Religion
(2020)[2]
Demonym(s)Chinese
GovernmentUnitary Marxist–Leninist[3] one-party socialist republic[4]
Xi Jinping
• Premier
Li Keqiang
Li Zhanshu
Wang Yang
LegislatureNational People's Congress
Formation
c. 2070 BCE
221 BCE
1 January 1912
1 October 1949
20 September 1954
4 December 1982
20 December 1999
Area
• Total
9,596,961 km2 (3,705,407 sq mi)[f][7] (3rd / 4th)
• Water (%)
2.8[g]
Population
• 2021 census
Neutral increase 1,412,600,000[9] (1st)
• Density
145[10]/km2 (375.5/sq mi) (83rd)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $30.18 trillion[11] (1st)
• Per capita
Increase $21,364[11] (70th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $19.91 trillion[11] (2nd)
• Per capita
Increase $14,096[11] (56th)
Gini (2019)Positive decrease 38.2[12]
medium
HDI (2019)Increase 0.761[13]
high · 85th
CurrencyRenminbi (元/¥)[h] (CNY)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard Time)
Date format
Driving sideright (Mainland)
left (Hong Kong and Macau)
Calling code+86 (Mainland)
+852 (Hong Kong)
+853 (Macau)
ISO 3166 codeCN
Internet TLD

China

China, officially the People's Republic of China, is a country in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country, with a population of more than 1.4 billion. China spans five geographical time zones and borders 14 countries, the second most of any country in the world after Russia. Covering an area of approximately 9.6 million square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi), it is the world's third or fourth largest country. The country consists of 23 provinces, five autonomous regions, four municipalities, and two Special Administrative Regions. The national capital is Beijing, and the most populous city and financial center is Shanghai.