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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in China

People's Republic of China
  • 中华人民共和国 (Chinese)
  • Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó (Pinyin)
Anthem: 义勇军进行曲
Yìyǒngjūn Jìnxíngqǔ
("March of the Volunteers")
Land controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; land claimed but uncontrolled shown in light green.
Land controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; land claimed but uncontrolled shown in light green.
CapitalBeijing
39°55′N 116°23′E / 39.917°N 116.383°E / 39.917; 116.383
Largest cityShanghai
Official languagesStandard Chinese[a]
Recognised regional languages
Official scriptSimplified Chinese[b]
Ethnic groups
(2020)[1]
Religion
(2020)[2]
Demonym(s)Chinese
GovernmentUnitary Marxist–Leninist[3] one-party socialist republic[4]
Xi Jinping
• Premier
Li Keqiang
Wang Qishan[e]
Han Zheng
Li Zhanshu
Wang Yang
LegislatureNational People's Congress
Formation
c. 2070 BCE
221 BCE
1 January 1912
1 October 1949
20 September 1954
4 December 1982
20 December 1999
Area
• Total
9,596,961 km2 (3,705,407 sq mi)[g][7] (3rd/4th)
• Water (%)
2.8[h]
Population
• 2020 census
Increase 1,411,778,724[9] (1st)
• Density
145[10]/km2 (375.5/sq mi) (83rd)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $26.66 trillion[11] (1st)
• Per capita
Increase $18,931[11] (100)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $16.64 trillion[11] (2nd)
• Per capita
Increase $11,819[11] (56th)
Gini (2018)Negative increase 46.7[12]
high
HDI (2019)Increase 0.761[13]
high · 85th
CurrencyRenminbi (元/¥)[i] (CNY)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard Time)
Date format
Driving sideright (Mainland);
Calling code+86 (Mainland);
ISO 3166 codeCN
Internet TLD

China

China, officially the People's Republic of China, is a country in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country, with a population of more than 1.4 billion. China follows a single standard time offset of UTC+08:00 even though it spans five geographical time zones and borders 14 countries, the second most of any country in the world after Russia. Covering an area of approximately 9.6 million square kilometers, it is the world's third or fourth largest country. The country is officially divided into 23 provinces, five autonomous regions, and four direct-controlled municipalities of Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing, as well as two special administrative regions, Hong Kong and Macau.