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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Canada

Canada
Motto: A mari usque ad mare  (Latin)
"From Sea to Sea"
Anthem: "O Canada"
A projection of North America with Canada highlighted in green
CapitalOttawa
45°24′N 75°40′W / 45.400°N 75.667°W / 45.400; -75.667
Largest cityToronto
Official languages
Demonym(s)Canadian
GovernmentFederal parliamentary
constitutional monarchy[2]
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Mary Simon
Justin Trudeau
LegislatureParliament
Senate
House of Commons
Independence 
July 1, 1867
December 11, 1931
April 17, 1982
Area
• Total area
9,984,670 km2 (3,855,100 sq mi) (2nd)
• Water (%)
11.76 (as of 2015)[3]
• Total land area
9,093,507 km2 (3,511,023 sq mi)
Population
• Q2 2022 estimate
38,654,738[4] (37th)
• 2021 census
36,991,981[5]
• Density
4.2/km2 (10.9/sq mi) (185th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $2.237 trillion[6] (15th)
• Per capita
Increase $57,812[6] (24th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $2.221 trillion[6] (8th)
• Per capita
Increase $57,406[6] (14th)
Gini (2018)Positive decrease 30.3[7]
medium
HDI (2019)Increase 0.929[8]
very high · 16th
CurrencyCanadian dollar ($) (CAD)
Time zoneUTC−3.5 to −8
• Summer (DST)
UTC−2.5 to −7
Date formatyyyy-mm-dd (AD)[9]
Driving sideright
Calling code+1
Internet TLD.ca

Canada

Canada is a country in North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering over 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Its southern and western border with the United States, stretching 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi), is the world's longest bi-national land border. Canada's capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.