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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Bulgaria

Republic of Bulgaria
Република България (Bulgarian)
Republika Bǎlgariya
Motto: Съединението прави силата (Bulgarian)
Sǎedinenieto pravi silata
("Unity makes strength")
Anthem: Мила Родино (Bulgarian)
Mila Rodino
("Dear Motherland")
Location of Bulgaria (dark green) – in Europe (green & dark grey) – in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of Bulgaria (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Sofia
42°41′N 23°19′E / 42.683°N 23.317°E / 42.683; 23.317Coordinates: 42°41′N 23°19′E / 42.683°N 23.317°E / 42.683; 23.317
Official languagesBulgarian[1]
Official scriptCyrillic
Ethnic groups
(2011)
Religion
Demonym(s)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
• President
Rumen Radev
Iliana Iotova
Kiril Petkov
LegislatureNational Assembly
Establishment history
681–1018
1185–1396
3 March 1878
5 October 1908
• Monarchy abolished
15 September 1946
15 November 1990
Area
• Total
110,993.6[3] km2 (42,854.9 sq mi) (103rd)
• Water (%)
2.16[4]
Population
• 7th of September 2021 estimate
6,520,314 (106th)
• Density
63/km2 (163.2/sq mi) (120th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $203 billion[5] (73rd)
• Per capita
Increase $27,890[5] (55th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $86 billion[5] (68th)
• Per capita
Increase $12,340[5] (61st)
Gini (2021)Positive decrease 39.7[6]
medium
HDI (2019)Steady 0.816[7]
very high · 56th
CurrencyLev (BGN)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+359
ISO 3166 codeBG
Internet TLD

Bulgaria

Bulgaria, officially the Republic of Bulgaria, is a country in Southeast Europe. It is situated on the eastern flank of the Balkans, and is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and North Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. Bulgaria covers a territory of 110,994 square kilometres (42,855 sq mi), and is the sixteenth-largest country in Europe. Sofia is the nation's capital and largest city; other major cities are Plovdiv, Varna and Burgas.