• (230) 4278861, 4260399

Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Brunei

Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace

  • الدائمون المحسنون بالهدى
  • Sentiasa membuat kebajikan dengan petunjuk Allah
  • "Always in service with God's guidance"
Brunei (orthographic projection).svg
Location Brunei ASEAN.svg
Location of Brunei (green)

in the ASEAN (dark grey)  –  [Legend]

and largest city
Bandar Seri Begawan
4°53.417′N 114°56.533′E / 4.890283°N 114.942217°E / 4.890283; 114.942217
Official languagesMalay[a]
Recognised languages
Other languages
and local dialects[2][3]
Official scripts
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary Islamic absolute
Hassanal Bolkiah
• Crown Prince and Senior Minister
Al-Muhtadee Billah
LegislatureLegislative Council
c. 1368
15th–19th century
17 September 1888
1 January 1984
7 January 1984
• Total
5,765 km2 (2,226 sq mi) (164th)
• Water (%)
• 2020 estimate
460,345[6] (175th)
• 2016 census
• Density
72.11/km2 (186.8/sq mi) (134th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$36.854 billion[7] (125th)
• Per capita
$85,011[7] (5th)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$13.325 billion[7] (124th)
• Per capita
$30,290[7] (29th)
HDI (2019)Decrease 0.838[8]
very high · 47th
CurrencyBrunei dollar (BND)
Time zoneUTC+8 (Brunei Darussalam Time)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+673[c]
ISO 3166 codeBN
Internet TLD.bn[9]
  1. ^ Under Article 82: "Official language" of the Constitution of Brunei, Malay is the official language.
  2. ^ Under Article 82: "Official language" of the Constitution of Brunei, English is used in official documents (official documents are bilingual; Malay and English).[10]
  3. ^ Also 080 from East Malaysia.


Brunei, officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace, is a country located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. Apart from its coastline with the South China Sea, the country is completely surrounded by the Malaysian state of Sarawak. It is separated into two parts by the Sarawak district of Limbang. Brunei is the only sovereign state completely on the island of Borneo; the remainder of the island's territory is divided between the nations of Malaysia and Indonesia. Brunei's population was 460,345 in 2020, of which about 100,000 live in the capital and largest city Bandar Seri Begawan. The government is an absolute monarchy under the sovereign rule of Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan, which implements a combination of English common law and sharia law, as well as direct general Islamic practices.