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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in British Indian Ocean Territory

British Indian Ocean Territory
Location of British Indian Ocean Territory
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
and settlement
Camp Justice
7°18′S 72°24′E / 7.300°S 72.400°E / -7.300; 72.400Coordinates: 7°18′S 72°24′E / 7.300°S 72.400°E / -7.300; 72.400
Official languagesEnglish
Ethnic groups
GovernmentDependency under a constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Paul Candler
• Deputy Commissioner
Stephen Hilton
• Administrator
Kit Pyman
Government of the United Kingdom
• Minister
Nigel Adams MP
• Total
54,000 km2 (21,000 sq mi)
• Water (%)
• Land
60 km2
23 sq mi
• Non-permanent 2018 estimate
Increase c. 3,000 military personnel and contractors
• Permanent
• Density
50.0/km2 (129.5/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+06
Driving sideright
Calling code+246
Internet TLD.io

British Indian Ocean Territory

The British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) is a British Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom situated in the Indian Ocean halfway between Tanzania and Indonesia. The territory comprises the seven atolls of the Chagos Archipelago with over 1,000 individual islands – many very small – amounting to a total land area of 60 square kilometres (23 sq mi). The largest and most southerly island is Diego Garcia, 27 km2 (10 sq mi), the site of a Joint Military Facility of the United Kingdom and the United States.