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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Brazil

Federative Republic of Brazil
República Federativa do Brasil (Portuguese)
Motto: Ordem e Progresso (Portuguese)
"Order and Progress"
Anthem: Hino Nacional Brasileiro (Portuguese)
"Brazilian National Anthem"
Flag anthem: Hino à Bandeira Nacional (Portuguese)[1]
"National Flag Anthem"
National seal
Location of Brazil
15°47′S 47°52′W / 15.783°S 47.867°W / -15.783; -47.867
Largest citySão Paulo
23°33′S 46°38′W / 23.550°S 46.633°W / -23.550; -46.633
Official language
and national language
Ethnic groups
GovernmentFederal presidential constitutional republic
• President
Jair Bolsonaro
Hamilton Mourão
Arthur Lira
Rodrigo Pacheco
Rosa Weber
LegislatureNational Congress
Federal Senate
Chamber of Deputies
• Declared
7 September 1822
29 August 1825
• Republic
15 November 1889
5 October 1988
• Total
8,515,767 km2 (3,287,956 sq mi) (5th)
• Water (%)
• 2022 estimate
217,240,060[5] (7th)
• Density
25/km2 (64.7/sq mi) (193rd)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $3.585 trillion[6] (9th)
• Per capita
Increase $16,763[6] (90th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.810 trillion[6] (10th)
• Per capita
Increase $8,464[6] (87th)
Gini (2019)Positive decrease 53.4[7]
high · 10th
HDI (2021)Decrease 0.754[8]
high · 87th
CurrencyReal (R$) (BRL)
Time zoneUTC−2 to −5 (BRT)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Driving sideright
Calling code+55
ISO 3166 codeBR
Internet TLD.br


Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers (3,300,000 sq mi) and with over 218 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the seventh most populous. Its capital is Brasília, and its most populous city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states and the Federal District. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas; one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world; and the most populous Roman Catholic-majority country.