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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Brazil

Federative Republic of Brazil

República Federativa do Brasil  (Portuguese)
Motto: Ordem e Progresso  (Portuguese)
"Order and Progress"
Anthem: Hino Nacional Brasileiro (Portuguese)
"Brazilian National Anthem"

Flag anthemHino à Bandeira Nacional (Portuguese)[1]
"National Flag Anthem"
National seal
Location of Brazil
CapitalBrasília
15°47′S 47°52′W / 15.783°S 47.867°W / -15.783; -47.867
Largest citySão Paulo
23°33′S 46°38′W / 23.550°S 46.633°W / -23.550; -46.633
Official language
and national language
Portuguese[2]
Ethnic groups
(2010)[3][4]
Religion
(2010)[5][6]
88.8% Christianity
—64.6% Roman Catholic
—22.2% Protestant
—2.0% Other Christian
8.0% No religion
2.0% Spiritism
1.2% Other religions
Demonym(s)Brazilian
GovernmentFederal presidential constitutional republic
• President
Jair Bolsonaro
Hamilton Mourão
Arthur Lira
Rodrigo Pacheco
Luiz Fux
LegislatureNational Congress
Federal Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Independence 
• Declared
7 September 1822
29 August 1825
• Republic
15 November 1889
5 October 1988
Area
• Total
8,515,767 km2 (3,287,956 sq mi) (5th)
• Water (%)
0.65
Population
• 2019 estimate
210,147,125[7] (6th)
• Density
25/km2 (64.7/sq mi) (200th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $3.328 trillion[8] (8th)
• Per capita
Increase $15,642[8] (84th)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.491 trillion[8] (13th)
• Per capita
Increase $7,010[8] (87th)
Gini (2019)Positive decrease 53.4[9]
high · 10th
HDI (2019)Increase 0.765[10]
high · 84th
CurrencyReal (R$) (BRL)
Time zoneUTC−2 to −5 (BRT)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Mains electricity220 V, 60 Hz and 127 V, 50 Hz
Driving sideright
Calling code+55
ISO 3166 codeBR
Internet TLD.br

Brazil

Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. It covers an area of 8,515,767 square kilometres (3,287,956 sq mi) with a population of over 211 million. Brazil is the world's fifth-largest and sixth-most populous country, composed of 26 states and the Federal District. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas. Brazil is one of the world's most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world. It is also the most populous Roman Catholic-majority country, and its capital is Brasília, while the largest city is São Paulo.