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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Bolivia

Plurinational State of Bolivia
  • Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia  (Spanish)
  • Tetã Hetãvoregua Mborivia  (Guarani)
  • Wuliwya Suyu  (Aymara)
  • Puliwya Mamallaqta  (Quechua)
Motto: La Unión es la Fuerza  (Spanish)
"Unity is Strength"[1]
Anthem: Himno Nacional de Bolivia  (Spanish)
"National Anthem of Bolivia"
Dual flag: Wiphala
Banner of the Qulla Suyu.svg
Location of Bolivia (dark green) in South America (gray)
Location of Bolivia (dark green)

in South America (gray)

CapitalSucre (constitutional and judicial)
La Paz (executive and legislative)
Largest citySanta Cruz de la Sierra
17°48′S 63°10′W / 17.800°S 63.167°W / -17.800; -63.167
Official languages[2]
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
• President
Luis Arce
David Choquehuanca
LegislaturePlurinational Legislative Assembly
Chamber of Senators
Chamber of Deputies
from Spain
• Declared
6 August 1825
• Recognized
21 July 1847
14 November 1945
• Current constitution
7 February 2009
• Total
1,098,581 km2 (424,164 sq mi) (27th)
• Water (%)
• 2019[5] estimate
11,428,245 (83rd)
• Density
10.4/km2 (26.9/sq mi) (224th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$89.018 billion[6] (88th)
• Per capita
$7,790[6] (123rd)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$40.687 billion[6] (90th)
• Per capita
$3,823[6] (117th)
Gini (2019)Positive decrease 41.6[7]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.718[8]
high · 107th
CurrencyBoliviano (BOB)
Time zoneUTC−4 (BOT)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+591
ISO 3166 codeBO
Internet TLD.bo
  1. ^ While Sucre is the constitutional capital, La Paz is the seat of government and the executive capital. See below.


Bolivia, officially the Plurinational State of Bolivia, is a landlocked country located in western-central South America. The constitutional capital is Sucre, while the seat of government and executive capital is La Paz. The largest city and principal industrial center is Santa Cruz de la Sierra, located on the Llanos Orientales, a mostly flat region in the east of the country.