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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Bhutan

Kingdom of Bhutan

  • འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་  (Dzongkha)
  • Druk Gyal Khap
Anthem: Druk tsendhen (Dzongkha)
"The Thunder Dragon Kingdom"
Bhutan (orthographic projection).svg
and largest city
27°28.0′N 89°38.5′E / 27.4667°N 89.6417°E / 27.4667; 89.6417
Official languagesDzongkha
74.8% Vajrayana Buddhism (state religion)
22.6% Hinduism
1.9% Bon and other indigenous faith
0.5% Christianity
0.4% Islam
0.2% Other
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
Lotay Tshering
National Council
National Assembly
• Unification of Bhutan
17 December 1907
8 August 1949
21 September 1971
18 July 2008
• Total
38,394 km2 (14,824 sq mi)[1][2] (133rd)
• Water (%)
• 2018 estimate
754,388[3][4] (165th)
• 2017 census
• Density
19.3/km2 (50.0/sq mi) (162nd)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$7.701 billion[6]
• Per capita
$9,426[6] (115th)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$2.547 billion[6]
• Per capita
$3,117[6] (130th)
Gini (2017)37.4[7]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.654[8]
medium · 129th
CurrencyNgultrum (BTN)
Time zoneUTC+06 (BTT)
Date formatYYYY-MM-DD
Driving sideleft
Calling code+975
ISO 3166 codeBT
Internet TLD.bt
  1. The population of Bhutan had been estimated based on the reported figure of about 1 million in the 1970s when the country had joined the United Nations and precise statistics were lacking.[9] Thus, using the annual increase rate of 2–3%, the most population estimates were around 2 million in 2000. A national census was carried out in 2005 and it turned out that the population was 672,425. Consequently, United Nations Population Division reduced its estimation of the country's population in the 2006 revision[10] for the whole period from 1950 to 2000.


Bhutan, Nepali: भूटान officially known as the Kingdom of Bhutan, is a landlocked country in the Eastern Himalayas. It is bordered by China to the north and India to the south. Nepal and Bangladesh are located in proximity to Bhutan but do not share a land border. The country has a population of over 754,000 and a territory of 38,394 square kilometers which ranks 133rd in terms of land area, and 160th in population. Bhutan is a constitutional monarchy with Vajrayana Buddhism as the state religion.