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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Benelux

Benelux Union

Benelux Unie  (Dutch)
Union Benelux  (French)
Benelux-Unioun  (Luxembourgish)
Benelux-Union  (German)
  of Benelux
Location of Benelux
Member states of the Benelux Union
Administrative centre
and largest agglomeration
50°51′N 4°21′E / 50.850°N 4.350°E / 50.850; 4.350
Official languagesDutch and French[1]
Other official languagesGerman, Luxembourgish, West Frisian, Low Saxon, Limburgish, Flemish, Walloon language
TypePolitico-economic union
Member states
• Customs union treaty signed
5 September 1944[2]
• Customs union in effect
1 January 1948[2]
• Renewal signed
17 June 2008
• Renewal in effect
1 January 2010
• Total
75,149 km2 (29,015 sq mi)
• 2019 estimate
• Density
394/km2 (1,020.5/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$1.580 trillion[3]
• Per capita
CurrencyEuro (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Driving sideright


The Benelux Union, also known as simply Benelux, is a politico-economic union and formal international intergovernmental cooperation of three neighbouring states in western Europe: Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg. The name is a portmanteau formed from joining the first few letters of each country's name—Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg—and was first used to name the customs agreement that initiated the union. It is now used more generally to refer to the geographic, economic, and cultural grouping of the three countries.