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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Belgium

Kingdom of Belgium
  • Koninkrijk België  (Dutch)
  • Royaume de Belgique  (French)
  • Königreich Belgien  (German)
Motto: "Eendracht maakt macht" (Dutch)
"L'union fait la force" (French)
"Einigkeit macht stark" (German)
"La Brabançonne"
(English: "The Brabantian")
Location of Belgium (dark green) – in Europe (green & dark grey) – in the European Union (green)
Location of Belgium (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)

and largest city
50°51′N 4°21′E / 50.850°N 4.350°E / 50.850; 4.350
Official languages
Ethnic groups
GovernmentFederal parliamentary
constitutional monarchy[3]
• Monarch
Alexander De Croo
LegislatureFederal Parliament
Chamber of Representatives
from the Netherlands
• Declared
4 October 1830
19 April 1839
• Total
30,689[4] km2 (11,849 sq mi) (136th)
• Water (%)
0.71 (2015)[5]
• 2022 estimate
Neutral increase 11,584,008[6] (82nd)
• Density
376/km2 (973.8/sq mi) (22nd)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase$715.658 billion[7] (36th)
• Per capita
Increase$61,586[7] (18th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase$609.887 billion[7] (26th)
• Per capita
Increase$52,485[7] (16th)
Gini (2021)Positive decrease 23.9[8]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.919[9]
very high · 17th
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+32
ISO 3166 codeBE
Internet TLD.be
  1. The flag's official proportions of 13:15 are rarely seen; proportions of 2:3 or similar are more common.
  2. The Brussels region is the de facto capital, but the City of Brussels municipality is the de jure capital.[10]
  3. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.


Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Northwestern Europe. The country is bordered by the Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, France to the southwest, and the North Sea to the northwest. It covers an area of 30,689 km2 (11,849 sq mi) and has a population of more than 11.5 million, making it the 22nd most densely populated country in the world and the 6th most densely populated country in Europe, with a density of 376 per square kilometre (970/sq mi). The capital and largest city is Brussels; other major cities are Antwerp, Ghent, Charleroi, Liège, Bruges, Namur, and Leuven.