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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Bangladesh

People's Republic of Bangladesh
  • গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ  (Bengali)
  • Gônoprojatontrī Bangladesh
Anthem: আমার সোনার বাংলা
Amar Shonar Bangla
"My Golden Bengal"
March: নতুনের গান,
Notuner Gaan
"The Song of Youth"[1]
National Slogan: জয় বাংলা
Joy Bangla
"Victory to Bengal"[2][3]
Official Seal of the Government of Bangladesh
  • Seal of the Government of Bangladesh
Bangladesh (orthographic projection).svg
and largest city
23°45′50″N 90°23′20″E / 23.76389°N 90.38889°E / 23.76389; 90.38889
Official language
and national language
Ethnic groups
dominant-party parliamentary
constitutional republic
• President
Abdul Hamid
Sheikh Hasina
Shirin Sharmin Chaudhury
Syed Mahmud Hossain
LegislatureJatiya Sangsad
• Declared
26 March 1971
16 December 1971
16 December 1972
• Total
148,560[8] km2 (57,360 sq mi) (92nd)
• Water (%)
• Land area
130,170 sq Km[9]
• Water area
18,290 sq km[9]
• 2018 estimate
Neutral increase161,376,708[10][11] (8th)
• 2011 census
149,772,364[12] (8th)
• Density
1,106/km2 (2,864.5/sq mi) (7th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $966.485 billion[13] (31st)
• Per capita
Increase $5,812[13] (130th)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $352.908 billion[13] (37th)
• Per capita
Increase $2,122[13] (149th)
Gini (2018)Negative increase 39.5[14]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.632[15]
medium · 133rd
CurrencyTaka () (BDT)
Time zoneUTC+6 (BST)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy CE
Mains electricity220 V AC 50 Hz
Driving sideleft
Calling code+880
ISO 3166 codeBD
Internet TLD.bd


Bangladesh, officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a country in South Asia. It is the eighth-most populous country in the world, with a population exceeding 163 million people, in an area of 148,560 square kilometres (57,360 sq mi), making it one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Bangladesh shares land borders with India to the west, north, and east, Myanmar to the southeast, and the Bay of Bengal to the south. It is narrowly separated from Nepal and Bhutan by the Siliguri Corridor, and from China by the Indian state of Sikkim in the north, respectively. Dhaka, the capital and largest city, is the nation's economic, political, and cultural hub. Chittagong, the largest seaport, is the second-largest city.