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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Bangladesh

People's Republic of Bangladesh
  • গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ  (Bengali)
  • Gônoprojatontrī Bangladesh
Anthem: "Amar Sonar Bangla" (Bengali)
"My Golden Bengal"
March: "Notuner Gaan"
"The Song of Youth"[1]
National Slogan: "Joy Bangla"
"Victory to Bengal"[2][3]
Official Seal of the Government of Bangladesh
  • Seal of the Government of Bangladesh
Bangladesh (orthographic projection).svg
and largest city
23°45′50″N 90°23′20″E / 23.76389°N 90.38889°E / 23.76389; 90.38889
Official language
and national language
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary dominant-party parliamentary republic
• President
Abdul Hamid
Sheikh Hasina
Shirin Sharmin Chaudhury
Hasan Foez Siddique
LegislatureJatiya Sangsad
• Declared
26 March 1971
16 December 1971
16 December 1972
• Total
148,460[7] km2 (57,320 sq mi) (92nd[7])
• Water (%)
• Land area
130,170 sq Km[7]
• Water area
18,290 sq km[7]
• 2018 estimate
Neutral increase 161,376,708[8][9] (8th)
• 2011 census
149,772,364[10] (8th)
• Density
1,106/km2 (2,864.5/sq mi) (7th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.11 trillion [11] (30th)
• Per capita
Increase $6,633 [11] (165th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $396.5 billion [11] (41st)
• Per capita
Increase $2,362 [11] (162nd)
Gini (2021)Negative increase 32.4[12]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.632[13]
medium · 133rd
CurrencyTaka () (BDT)
Time zoneUTC+6 (BST)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy (CE)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+880
ISO 3166 codeBD
Internet TLD.bd


Bangladesh, officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a country in South Asia. It is the eighth-most populous country in the world, with a population exceeding 163 million people in an area of either 148,460 square kilometres (57,320 sq mi) or 147,570 square kilometres (56,980 sq mi), making it one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Bangladesh shares land borders with India to the west, north, and east, and Myanmar to the southeast; to the south it has a coastline along the Bay of Bengal. It is narrowly separated from Bhutan and Nepal by the Siliguri Corridor; and from China by 100 km of the Indian state of Sikkim in the north. Dhaka, the capital and largest city, is the nation's economic, political, and cultural hub. Chittagong, the largest seaport, is the second-largest city. The official language is Bengali, one of the easternmost branches of the Indo-European language family.