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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Australia

Commonwealth of Australia

A map of the eastern hemisphere centred on Australia, using an orthographic projection.
Commonwealth of Australia, including the Australian territorial claim in the Antarctic
CapitalCanberra
35°18′29″S 149°07′28″E / 35.30806°S 149.12444°E / -35.30806; 149.12444
Largest citySydney
Official languagesNone at the federal level
National languageEnglish[N 2]
Religion
(2016)[3]
Demonym(s)
GovernmentFederal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
David Hurley
Scott Morrison
LegislatureParliament
Senate
House of Representatives
Independence 
1 January 1901
9 October 1942 (with effect
from 3 September 1939)
3 March 1986
Area
• Total
7,692,024 km2 (2,969,907 sq mi) (6th)
• Water (%)
1.79 (as of 2015)[6]
Population
• 2021 estimate
Neutral increase 25,842,000[7] (53rd)
• 2016 census
23,401,892[8]
• Density
3.4/km2 (8.8/sq mi) (192nd)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.416 trillion[9] (18th)
• Per capita
Increase $54,891[9] (17th)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.61 trillion[9] (12th)
• Per capita
Increase $62,728[9] (9th)
Gini (2018)Positive decrease 32.5[10]
medium · 16th
HDI (2019)Increase 0.944[11]
very high · 8th
CurrencyAustralian dollar ($) (AUD)
Time zoneUTC+8; +9.5; +10 (Various[N 4])
• Summer (DST)
UTC+8; +9.5; +10;
+10.5; +11
(Various[N 4])
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
yyyy-mm-dd[12]
Driving sideleft
Calling code+61
ISO 3166 codeAU
Internet TLD.au

Australia

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country. Australia's population of nearly 26 million, in an area of 7,617,930 square kilometres (2,941,300 sq mi), is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Canberra is the nation's capital, while the largest city is Sydney, and other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.