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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Aruba

Anthem: "Aruba Dushi Tera"
(English: "Aruba, Sweet Land")
Location of Aruba
Location of Aruba (circled in red)
Sovereign stateKingdom of the Netherlands
Before separationNetherlands Antilles
Country status1 January 1986
and largest city
12°31′07″N 70°02′09″W / 12.51861°N 70.03583°W / 12.51861; -70.03583
Official languages
Ethnic groups
66% Aruban
9.1% Colombian
4.3% Dutch
4.1% Dominican
3.2% Venezuelan
2.2% Curaçaoan
1.5% Haitian
1.2% Surinamese
1.1% Peruvian
1.1% Chinese
6.2% other[2]
GovernmentDevolved Parliamentary representative democracy within a constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
• Governor
Alfonso Boekhoudt
Evelyn Wever-Croes
LegislatureParliament of Aruba
• Total
180[3] km2 (69 sq mi)
• Water (%)
Highest elevation
188 m (617 ft)
• 1 January 2019 estimate
116,576[3] (193rd)
• Density
624/km2 (1,616.2/sq mi) (22nd)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$4.4 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$3.4 billion
• Per capita
CurrencyAruban florin (AWG)
Time zoneUTC-4:00 (AST)
Mains electricity127 V/60 Hz
Driving sideright
Calling code+297
ISO 3166 code
Internet TLD.aw


Aruba is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands physically located in the mid-south of the Caribbean Sea, about 29 kilometres (18 mi) north of the Venezuelan peninsula of Paraguaná and 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Curaçao. It measures 32 kilometres (20 mi) long from its northwestern to its southeastern end and 10 kilometres (6 mi) across at its widest point. Together with Bonaire and Curaçao, Aruba forms a group referred to as the ABC islands. Collectively, these and the other three Dutch substantial islands in the Caribbean are often called the Dutch Caribbean, of which Aruba has about one-third of the population. In 1986, it became a constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands, and acquired the formal name the Country of Aruba.