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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Argentina

Argentine Republic[A]
República Argentina  (Spanish)
Sol de Mayo[2]
(Sun of May)

Sol de Mayo
Argentine territory in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled territory in light green.
Argentine territory in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled territory in light green.
and largest city
Buenos Aires
34°36′S 58°23′W / 34.600°S 58.383°W / -34.600; -58.383
Official languagesSpanish[a]
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups
GovernmentFederal presidential constitutional republic
• President
Alberto Fernández
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
Juan Luis Manzur
Sergio Massa
Carlos Rosenkrantz
LegislatureNational Congress
Chamber of Deputies
from Spain
25 May 1810
• Declared
9 July 1816
1 May 1853
• Total
2,780,400 km2 (1,073,500 sq mi)[B] (8th)
• Water (%)
• 2021 estimate
45,605,826[15] (31st)
• 2010 census
• Density
14.4/km2 (37.3/sq mi)[14] (214th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$1.033 trillion[16] (26th)
• Per capita
$22,997[16] (56th)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$444.458 billion[16] (25th)
• Per capita
$9,890[16] (53rd)
Gini (2020)Negative increase 42.9[17][18]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.845[19]
very high · 46th
CurrencyArgentine peso ($) (ARS)
Time zoneUTC−3 (ART)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (CE)
Driving sideright[c]
Calling code+54
ISO 3166 codeAR
Internet TLD.ar
  1. ^ Though not declared official de jure, the Spanish language is the only one used in the wording of laws, decrees, resolutions, official documents and public acts thus making it the de facto official language.
  2. ^ A lot of White Argentines are descendants of many different European countries, however, the majority of them have at least partial or mixed Spanish or Italian ancestry.
  3. ^ 10 June 1945, but trains are still driven on left.


Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic, is a country in the southern half of South America. It shares the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, and is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south. Argentina covers an area of 2,780,400 km2 (1,073,500 sq mi), making it the largest Spanish-speaking nation in the world. It is the second-largest country in South America after Brazil, the fourth-largest country in the Americas, and the eighth-largest country in the world. Argentina is subdivided into twenty-three provinces, and one autonomous city, which is the federal capital and largest city of the nation, Buenos Aires. The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system. Argentina claims sovereignty over a part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.