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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Andorra

Principality of Andorra[1]
Principat d'Andorra  (Catalan)a[1]
Motto: Virtus Unita Fortior
"United virtue is stronger"[2]
Anthem: El Gran Carlemany  (Catalan)
"The Great Charlemagne"
Location of Andorra (centre of green circle) in Europe (dark grey)  –  [Legend]
Location of Andorra (centre of green circle)

in Europe (dark grey)  –  [Legend]

and largest city
Andorra la Vella
42°30′N 1°31′E / 42.500°N 1.517°E / 42.500; 1.517Coordinates: 42°30′N 1°31′E / 42.500°N 1.517°E / 42.500; 1.517
Official languagesCatalan[1]b
Ethnic groups
  • 48.8% Andorran
  • 25.1% Spanish
  • 12% Portuguese
  • 4.4% French
  • 9.7% others
Roman Catholicism[4][5]
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional diarchy
Xavier Espot Zamora
Roser Suñé Pascuet
LegislatureGeneral Council
• from Aragon
8 September 1278[6][7]
• from the French Empire
2 February 1993
• Total
467.63 km2 (180.55 sq mi) (178th)
• Water (%)
0.26 (121.4 ha)c
• 2020 estimate
Increase 77,543[8] (203rd)
• Density
179.8/km2 (465.7/sq mi) (71st)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
US$3.237 billion[9]
• Per capita
Gini (2003)27.21d
HDI (2019)Increase 0.868[10]
very high · 36th
CurrencyEuro ()e (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+01 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Driving sideright[11]
Calling code+376
ISO 3166 codeAD
Internet TLD.adf
  1. Constitution of Andorra. In Spanish and Portuguese: Principado de Andorra, in French: Principauté d'Andorre.
  2. Spanish, Portuguese and French are spoken by a significant minority
  3. (in French) Girard P & Gomez P (2009), Lacs des Pyrénées: Andorre.[12]
  4. Informe sobre l'estat de la pobresa i la desigualtat al Principal d'Andorra (2003)[13]
  5. Before 1999, the French franc and Spanish peseta; the coins and notes of both currencies, however, remained legal tender until 2002. Small amounts of Andorran diners (divided into 100 centim) were minted after 1982.
  6. Also .cat, shared with Catalan-speaking territories.


Andorra, officially the Principality of Andorra, is a sovereign landlocked microstate on the Iberian Peninsula, in the eastern Pyrenees, bordered by France to the north and Spain to the south. Believed to have been created by Charlemagne, Andorra was ruled by the count of Urgell until 988, when it was transferred to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Urgell. The present principality was formed by a charter in 1278. It is headed by two co-princes: the Bishop of Urgell in Catalonia, Spain and the President of France. Its capital and largest city is Andorra la Vella.