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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Albania

Republic of Albania

Republika e Shqipërisë  (Albanian)
Motto: Ti Shqipëri, më jep nder,
më jep emrin Shqipëtar

You Albania, give me honour,
you give me the name Albanian
Anthem: Himni i Flamurit
("Hymn to the Flag")
Location Albania Europe.png
Capital
and largest city
Tirana
41°19′N 19°49′E / 41.317°N 19.817°E / 41.317; 19.817
Official languagesAlbanian
Recognised minority languages
Demonym(s)Albanian
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional republic
• President
Ilir Meta
Edi Rama
LegislatureKuvendi
Establishment history
1190
February 1272
1368
2 March 1444
1515
1757/1787
• Proclamation of independence from the Ottoman Empire
28 November 1912
29 July 1913
31 January 1925
1 September 1928
11 January 1946
28 December 1976
• 4th Republic of Albania
Current constitution
29 April 1991

28 November 1998
Area
• Total
28,748 km2 (11,100 sq mi) (140th)
• Water (%)
4.7
Population
• January 2020 estimate
Neutral increase 2,845,955[1]
• 2011 census
2,821,977[2]
• Density
98/km2 (253.8/sq mi) (63rd)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
$42.594 billion[3]
• Per capita
$14,866[3]
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
$16.753 billion[3]
• Per capita
$5,847[3]
Gini (2017)Positive decrease 33.2[4]
medium
HDI (2019)Increase 0.795[5]
high · 69th
CurrencyLek (ALL)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+355
ISO 3166 codeAL
Internet TLD.al

Albania

Albania, officially the Republic of Albania, is a country in Southeastern Europe. It is located on the Adriatic and Ionian Sea within the Mediterranean Sea, and shares land borders with Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, North Macedonia to the east, Greece to the south; and maritime borders with Greece, Montenegro and Italy to the west. Tirana is its capital and largest city, followed by Durrës, Vlorë and Shkodër.