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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Afghanistan

Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
د افغانستان اسلامي امارت (Pashto)
Də Afġānistān Islāmī Imārat
امارت اسلامی افغانستان  (Dari)
Emārat-e Eslāmi-ye Afghānestān
Motto: lā ʾilāha ʾillà l-Lāh, Muḥammadun rasūlu l-Lāh
لا إله إلا الله محمد رسول الله (Arabic)
"There is no god but God. Muhammad is the messenger of God."[a] (Shahada)
Anthem: دا د باتورانو کور
Dā də bātorāno kor
Afghanistan (orthographic projection).svg
Capital
and largest city
Kabul
33°N 66°E / 33°N 66°E / 33; 66Coordinates: 33°N 66°E / 33°N 66°E / 33; 66[7]
Major languages
Ethnic groups
(2019 unofficial estimates)[b][9][10][11][12]
Religion
Demonym(s)Afghan[c][15][16]
GovernmentUnitary Deobandi Islamic caretaker government under an autocracy[d]
• Head[d]
Hibatullah Akhundzada
Mohammad Hassan Akhund (acting)
Abdul Ghani Baradar (acting)
Abdul Salam Hanafi (acting)
Formation
1709–1738
1747–1842
• Emirate
1823–1926
19 August 1919
• Kingdom
9 June 1926
17 July 1973
7 September 1996
26 January 2004
15 August 2021
Area
• Total
652,864[18] km2 (252,072 sq mi) (40th)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2020 estimate
32,890,171[19] (43rd)
• Density
48.08/km2 (124.5/sq mi) (174th)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$72.911 billion[20] (96th)
• Per capita
$2,024[20] (169th)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$21.657 billion[20] (111st)
• Per capita
$493[20] (177th)
Gini (2008)Positive decrease 27.8[21]
low · 1st
HDI (2019)Increase 0.511[22]
low · 169th
CurrencyAfghani (افغانی) (AFN)
Time zoneUTC+4:30
Solar Calendar
(D†)
Driving sideright
Calling code+93
ISO 3166 codeAF
Internet TLD.af
افغانستان.

Afghanistan

Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country at the crossroads of Central and South Asia. It is bordered by Pakistan to the east and south, Iran to the west, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan to the north, and Tajikistan and China to the northeast. Occupying 652,864 square kilometers (252,072 sq mi), the country is predominately mountainous with plains in the north and the southwest that are separated by the Hindu Kush mountains. It is inhabited by 31.4 million people as of 2020, composed mostly of ethnic Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras, and Uzbeks. Kabul serves as its capital and largest city.