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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Afghanistan

Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
  • د افغانستان اسلامي امارت (Pashto)
    Də Afġānistān Islāmī Imārat
  • امارت اسلامی افغانستان (Dari)
    Imārat-i Islāmī-yi Afghānistān
Anthem: دا د باتورانو کور
Dā də bātorāno kor
Afghanistan (orthographic projection).svg
StatusUN member state under an unrecognized government[6]
Capital
and largest city
Kabul
34°31′N 69°11′E / 34.517°N 69.183°E / 34.517; 69.183Coordinates: 34°31′N 69°11′E / 34.517°N 69.183°E / 34.517; 69.183[7]
Major languages
Ethnic groups
(2019 unofficial estimates)[a][9][10][11][12]
Religion
Demonym(s)Afghan[b][15][16]
GovernmentUnitary autocratic Islamic provisional government[17]
• Leader
Hibatullah Akhundzada
Hasan Akhund (acting)
Abdul Hakim Ishaqzai
Formation
1451–1526
17091738
1747–1823
• Emirate
1823–1839
1839–1842
1842–1926
26 May 1879
19 August 1919
• Kingdom
9 June 1926
• Republic
17 July 1973
27–28 April 1978
28 April 1992
7 September 1996
26 January 2004
15 August 2021
Area
• Total
652,864[18] km2 (252,072 sq mi) (40th)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2021 estimate
40,218,234[19] (37th)
• Density
48.08/km2 (124.5/sq mi) (174th)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$72.911 billion[20] (96th)
• Per capita
$2,024[20] (169th)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$21.657 billion[20] (111st)
• Per capita
$493[20] (177th)
HDI (2019)Increase 0.511[21]
low · 169th
CurrencyAfghani (افغانی) (AFN)
Time zoneUTC+4:30
Solar Calendar
(D†)
Driving sideright
Calling code+93
ISO 3166 codeAF
Internet TLD.af
افغانستان.

Afghanistan

Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located at the crossroads of Central and South Asia. It is bordered by Pakistan to the east and south, Iran to the west, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan to the north, and Tajikistan and China to the northeast. Occupying 652,864 square kilometers (252,072 sq mi) of land, the country is predominately mountainous with plains in the north and the southwest that are separated by the Hindu Kush mountain range. As of 2021, its population is 40.2 million, composed mostly of ethnic Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras, and Uzbeks. Kabul is the country's largest city and serves as its capital.