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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Afghanistan

Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
  • د افغانستان اسلامي امارت (Pashto)
    Də Afġānistān Islāmī Imārat
  • امارت اسلامی افغانستان (Dari)
    Imārat-i Islāmī-yi Afghānistān
Anthem: دا د باتورانو کور
Dā Də Bātorāno Kor
"This is the Home of the Brave"[2]
Afghanistan (orthographic projection).svg
Afghanistan - Location Map (2013) - AFG - UNOCHA.svg
StatusUN member state under an unrecognized government[3]
Capital
and largest city
Kabul
34°31′N 69°11′E / 34.517°N 69.183°E / 34.517; 69.183Coordinates: 34°31′N 69°11′E / 34.517°N 69.183°E / 34.517; 69.183[4]
Major languages
Ethnic groups
(2019 unofficial estimates)[a][6][7][8][9]
Religion
Demonym(s)Afghan[b][13][14]
GovernmentUnitary provisional theocratic Islamic emirate[15][16][17]
• Leader
Hibatullah Akhundzada
Hasan Akhund (acting)
Abdul Hakim Ishaqzai
LegislatureLeadership Council (consultative body)[18]
Formation
17091738
1747–1823
• Emirate
1823–1839
1839–1842
1842–1926
27 May 1863
26 May 1879
19 August 1919
• Kingdom
9 June 1926
• Republic
17 July 1973
27–28 April 1978
28 April 1992
27 September 1996
26 January 2004
15 August 2021
Area
• Total
652,867[19] km2 (252,073 sq mi) (40th)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2021 estimate
40,218,234[7] (37th)
• Density
48.08/km2 (124.5/sq mi) (174th)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$72.911 billion[20] (96th)
• Per capita
$2,024[20] (169th)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$21.657 billion[20] (111st)
• Per capita
$493[20] (177th)
HDI (2019)Increase 0.511[21]
low · 169th
CurrencyAfghani (افغانی) (AFN)
Time zoneUTC+4:30
Solar Calendar
(D†)
Driving sideright
Calling code+93
ISO 3166 codeAF
Internet TLD.af
افغانستان.

Afghanistan

Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located at the crossroads of Central and South Asia. Referred to as the Heart of Asia, it is bordered by Pakistan to the east and south, Iran to the west, Turkmenistan to the northwest, Uzbekistan to the north, Tajikistan to the northeast, and China to the northeast and east. Occupying 652,864 square kilometers (252,072 sq mi) of land, the country is predominately mountainous with plains in the north and the southwest, which are separated by the Hindu Kush mountain range. As of 2021, its population is 40.2 million, composed mostly of ethnic Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras, and Uzbeks. Kabul is the country's largest city and serves as its capital.