• (230) 4278861, 4260399

Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Afghanistan

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

  • د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت (Pashto)
  • Da Afġānistān Islāmī Jumhoryat
  • جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان (Dari)
  • Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Afġānestān
Motto: لا إله إلا الله، محمد رسول الله
"Lā ʾilāha ʾillā llāh, Muhammadun rasūlu llāh"
"There is no God but Allah; Muhammad is the messenger of Allah." (Shahada)
Anthem: Millī Surūd
ملي سرود
("National Anthem")
Afghanistan (orthographic projection).svg
Capital
and largest city
Kabul
33°N 65°E / 33°N 65°E / 33; 65Coordinates: 33°N 65°E / 33°N 65°E / 33; 65
Official language(s) Dari 27 million (77%) (L1 + L2), Pashto 16.8 million (48%)[2][3]
Ethnic groups
Religion
Demonym(s)Afghan[a][7][8]
GovernmentUnitary presidential Islamic republic
• President
Ashraf Ghani
Amrullah Saleh
Sarwar Danish
LegislatureNational Assembly
House of Elders
House of the People
Formation
1709
1747
1823
19 August 1919
9 June 1926
17 July 1973
26 January 2004
Area
• Total
652,230[9] km2 (251,830 sq mi) (40th)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2019 estimate
32,225,560[10] (44th)
• Density
46/km2 (119.1/sq mi) (174th)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$72.911 billion[11] (96th)
• Per capita
$2,024[11] (169th)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$21.657 billion[11] (111st)
• Per capita
$493[11] (177th)
Gini (2008)Positive decrease 27.8[12]
low · 1st
HDI (2019)Increase 0.511[13]
low · 169th
CurrencyAfghani (افغانی) (AFN)
Time zoneUTC+4:30 Solar Calendar (D†)
Driving sideright
Calling code+93
ISO 3166 codeAF
Internet TLD.af افغانستان.

Afghanistan

Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a mountainous landlocked country at the crossroads of Central and South Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan to the east and south; Iran to the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan to the north; and China to the northeast. Occupying 652,000 square kilometers (252,000 sq mi), it is a mountainous country with plains in the north and southwest. Kabul is the capital and largest city. Its population is around 32 million, composed mostly of ethnic Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras, and Uzbeks.